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Sunday, December 18, 2011

What is the Roman Catholic Mass?

The Dictionary definition for the word “Mass” tells us what the word actually means in Roman Catholicism: (Unabridged) Mass: noun The celebration of the Eucharist. Compare High Mass, Low Mass   ( sometimes lowercase) a musical setting of certain parts of this service, as the Kyrie eleison, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Benedictus, and Agnus Dei.

Origin: before 900; Middle English masse, Old English m├Žsse; Vulgar Latin *messa, Late Latin missa, formally feminine of Latin missus, past participle of mittere to send, dismiss; perhaps extracted from a phrase in the service with missa est and a feminine subject.

There you have it! The Dictionary shows the definition of the Catholic Mass as a celebration of the Eucharist. But what exactly is the Eucharist?

As you can see by the illustration to the left, the Roman Catholic Eucharist wafer is a pagan idol! The Egyptian pagan priests placed these initials “I H S” on a round disc-shaped wafer for the pagan trinity of Isis, Horus & Set. The round wafer was to commemorate the sun-god and they ate it each year on December 25th believing that the sun-god was being reincarnated in them as they ate this wafer-god. They re-enacted the death of Nimrod on a “tree” on March 25th (Easter) and believed he would be reincarnated on December 25th. This re-enactment was called a “Mass” from where we derive the term “Massacre.”

Today, these same initials of I H S appear on the Catholic Eucharist Wafer. The Catholic Catechism teaches that the priest has the power to command “Christ” to come down from his throne and he has the authority to crucify him over and over again at each Catholic Mass. The Catechism states the following concerning Jesus Christ:

“At each mass, he performs the function of the victim anew...” See my other article entitled “Should You Be Merry About Christ-Mass?”

Pictured here to the right is a blasphemous idol called a “Crucifix” which keeps our Messiah perpetually dead on the cross! 

This crucifix pictures the pagan trinity of supposedly “Mary Queen of Heaven” (recycled from Semiramis, the wife of Nimrod); And on the left side a picture of the Heavenly Father who they claim is the husband of Miryam (Mary) and this supposedly makes up “The Holy Family” or the pagan Trinity of Isis, Horus & Set. Joseph is said to be the earthly representation of the Heavenly Father, but this Catholic Trinity secretly disguises a false pagan Trinity! 

The Catholic Trinity secretly disguises a different Trinity than what most Christians believe in:

The Pope as “The Holy Father,” Jesus as the pagan sun-god (a reincarnation of Tammuz), and Mary as the Holy Spirit. Hence, Isis (Mary), Horus (Jesus), Set (Pope/Father).

Pictured to the left is the original “Trinity” of the Father (Nimrod), the Mother (Semiramis), and the Son (Tammuz). The Roman Emperor Constantine borrowed this pagan myth and assimilated it to our Messiah. He renamed Nimrod “The Holy Father” (every Pope is supposedly a reincarnation of Nimrod the sun-god). The title “Pope” in Latin is Pappas meaning “Father” (Pater in Greek). 

Constantine also renamed Semiramis “Mary” or the Holy Spirit and he renamed Tammuz “J’Zeus.” Our Messiah Yahuwshuwa (who many call Jesus) does not live inside of a round wafer nor does he dwell in a golden sun-burst called “The Monstrance.” 

The Monstrance pictured to the right is a golden sun-burst that is used to store the Eucharist wafer. Roman Catholicism inaccurately refers to this symbol of Baal worship as “the Ark of the Covenant.” Inside of this “Monstrance” is a glass window with the pagan sun-god wafer inside where the Vatican claims that it contains “J’Zeus” (Jesus). The Apostle Sha’ul (Paul) explained to us that our Creator cannot live in objects made with human hands!  

Acts 7:48 Howbeit the most High dwells not temples made with hands; as says the prophet. 

Acts 17:24 Elohiym that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Master of heaven and earth, dwells not in temples made with hands.

Even the gilded clip that holds the wafer is called “a lunette” because the Latin word for moon is luna, and it is shaped like a crescent moon like in the religion of Islam! Pictured is the flag of Islam which shows us that Roman Catholicism is another stream of Mystery Babylon Religion right along with Islam. In the ancient Mystery Religion of Semiramis & Nimrod, she called herself “the goddess of the moon” and Nimrod is called “the god of the sun” as well as “the god of the tree.” As you can see the flag of Islam pictures the symbolism for the Mystery Religion of Babylon featuring the moon and “the falling star” called Lucifer or the pagan sun-god. 

Pictured here is a book that I highly recommend entitled Understanding Roman Catholicism by Rick Jones. In this book you will be able to compare what is written in the scriptures to the Catholic Catechism and it shows us that the Catholic Catechism is indeed the religion of Jezebel that our Messiah warned us about in Revelation 2:20-23: 

“....Notwithstanding I have a few things against you, because you suffer (allow) that woman Yeze’Baal (Jezebel), which calls herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idolsAnd I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not. Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds. And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searches the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.


During the mass, priests allegedly have the power to supernaturally turn the bread and wine into the actual and literal body and blood of Yahuwshuwa ha’Mashiyach (Jesus Christ):

“The Council of Trent summarizes the Catholic faith by declaring: “Because Christ our Redeemer said that it was truly his body that he was offering under the species of bread, it has always been the conviction of the Church of God, and this holy Council now declares again, that by the consecration of the bread and wine there takes place a change of the whole substance of the bread into the substance of the body of Christ our Lord and of the whole substance of the wine into the substance of his blood. This change the holy Catholic Church has fittingly and properly called transubstantiation.” Pg. 347, #1376.

This Catechism quote reveals that the Catholic Church still adheres to this doctrine which was defined at the Council of Trent:

“At the heart of the Eucharistic celebration are the bread and wine that, by the words of Christ and the invocation of the Holy Spirit, become Christ’s Body and Blood.” Pg. 336 # 1333

The Catechism even specifies when Messiah (Christ) comes into the Eucharist and how long He stays:

“The Eucharistic presence of Christ begins at the moment of the consecration and endures as long as the Eucharistic species subsist. Christ is present whole and entire in each of the species and whole and entire in each of their parts, in such a way that the breaking of the bread does not divide Christ.” Pg. 347 #1377

Since Catholicism is teaching members to partake in literal cannibalism, this doctrine requires serious examination. To begin with, we must determine this doctrine’s origin. Is it from Elohiym, or is it a tradition of men? Catholicism insists it is scriptural, citing the words of Yahuwshuwa  in the 6th chapter of John:

Yahuwchanon (John) 6:53-54 “Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you have no life in you. Whoso eats my flesh, and drinks my blood, has eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.” 

Though this one verse does appear to teach cannibalism, if you read the entire passage in context, the meaning becomes clear. Right before making that statement, Yahuwshuwa said:

Yahuwchanon (John) 6:33-35 “... For the bread of Elohiym is he which comes down from heaven, and gives life unto the world. Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread. And Yahuwshuwa said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that comes to me shall never hunger; and he that believes on me shall never thirst.” 

This teaching is consistent with the rest of Scripture. Eternal life comes through believing in Yahuwshuwa ha’Mashiyach, not eating His body. The Lord goes on to further clarify:

Yahuwchanon (John) 6:40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that everyone which seeth the Son, and believes on him, may have everlasting life... 

Again, Yahuwshuwa points out that eternal life comes through believing in Him. When the Messiah’s disciples murmured at His words, Yahuwshuwa explained:

Yahuwchanon (John) 6:63 It is the spirit that quickens; the flesh profits nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life. 

Yahuwshuwa was talking spiritually, not physically. He was explaining that spiritually, all life comes through faith in Him, not eating His body.
Nowhere else in the Bible does Elohiym endorse cannibalism. In fact, Elohiym forbids the practice:

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 9:4 But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall you not eat.

Wayyikra (Leviticus) 17:12 “... No soul of you shall eat blood, neither shall any stranger that sojourns among you eat blood.” 

YaHuWaH Elohiym would never command His children to do something He had already forbidden.

The Biblical purpose

Shaul’s instructions in 1st Corinthians 11 shed even more light on this matter:

1st Corinthians 11:23-24 For I have received of the Master that which also I delivered unto you, That the Master Yahuwshuwa the same night in which he was betrayed took bread: And when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me

When Yahuwshuwa said, “Take, eat: this is my body,” He was not suggesting that they reach out and begin eating His literal body. To even suggest such is ridiculous. He was speaking spiritually about what He was about to accomplish on the cross.

Notice how that verse ends: “...this do in remembrance of me.” Observing the Master’s Supper is a remembrance of Messiaht’s work at Calvary, not a reenactment. The same is true of Messiah’s blood:

1st Corinthians 11:25 After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do you, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.

Yahuwshuwa Himself taught the same lesson to his disciples at the Last Supper:

Luke 22:19 And he [Yahuwshuwa] took bread, and gave thanks, and broke it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.

The Cup Full of Abominations & Filthiness

Revelation 17:4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication.

Since Transubstantiation is another unscriptural Catholic tradition of men, several more intriguing questions await an answer: 

Why does the Catholic Church deliberately take one verse of Scripture out of context and build a doctrine the Scriptures obviously does not teach? Why would the Catholic Church rather have you eating Elohiym than placing your faith in Him? Most importantly, can you knowingly partake in this practice now that you know the truth?

Ya’aqob (James) 4:17 Therefore to him that knows to do good, and does it not, to him it is sin.

Eucharist: Preserves from Sin

Does partaking of the Eucharist have power to cleanse Catholics from past sins and preserve them from future sins?

“For this reason the Eucharist cannot unite us to Christ without at the same time cleansing us from past sins and preserving us from future sins:” Pg. 351, #1393

“By the same charity that it enkindles in us, the Eucharist preserves us from future mortal sins.” Pg. 352, #1395

Once again, Elohiym’s Word and Catholic tradition couldn’t be farther apart. Regarding cleansing from past sins, the Bible declares that all sins are washed away through the blood of Yahuwshuwa Messiah:

1st Yahuwchanon (John) 1:7 “...the blood of Yahuwshuwa Mashiyach his Son cleanses us from all sin.” 

Revelation 1:5 And from Yahuwchanon Mashiyach, who is the faithful witness...Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood

The Catechism strips away from Mashiyach the credit He alone deserves for cleansing people from their sins, and credits instead a wafer with accomplishing that task. Why is Yahuwshuwa demoted again?

1st Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but you are washed, but you are sanctified, but you are justified in the name of the Master Yahuwshuwa, and by the Spirit of our Elohiym.

Preserving from future sins

There is no scriptural evidence that eating a piece of bread will preserve anyone from future sins. This doctrine’s only practical function is to keep members returning to the Catholic Church to receive the Eucharist, in hopes that it will help preserve them from sin.

Aside from holding people in bondage to the church, there is little else such a practice can accomplish.

Though Elohiym’s Word does not endorse this practice, it does suggest a way you can protect yourself from sin:

Tehillim (Psalm) 119:11 Your word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against you

Tehillim (Psalm) 119:9 Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according to your word

To preserve yourself from sin, Elohiym suggests that you read, memorize and obey the Scriptures. Curiously, the Catholic Church disagrees. It seems that the Catholic leadership would rather have you looking to the church for help than to Elohiym’s Word.

You must decide why:

Tehillim (Psalm) 121:7 YHWH shall preserve you from all evil... 

Tehillim (Psalm) 32:7 You art my hiding place; You shalt preserve me from trouble; You shalt compass me about with songs of deliverance. Selah. 

2nd Timothy 4:18 And YHWH shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom: to whom be glory for ever and ever. Awmane.


To cleanse you from past sins and protect you from future sins, Catholicism demands that you look to a piece of bread.

It is imperative that you understand that this tradition of men directly contradicts Elohiym’s Word. To obey this Catholic doctrine, you must reject Holy Scriptures.

Do you really want to do this?

Yahuwdah (Jude) 1:24-25 Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy, To the only wise Elohiym our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever. Awmane.

Eucharist: Helps the Dead

Partaking of the Eucharist purportedly gives Catholics who are still alive an opportunity to help the dead:

“The Eucharistic sacrifice is also offered for the faithful departed who ‘have died in Christ but are not yet wholly purified, so that they may be able to enter into the light and peace of Christ.” Pg. 345, #1371

“In the Eucharist, the Church expresses her efficacious communion with the departed...” Pg. 420 #1689

This heart-tugging doctrine indoctrinates Roman Catholics with the belief that regularly receiving the Eucharist will help their departed loved ones reach heaven faster.

If this doctrine is of Elohiym, then you should obey it. But if it’s a tradition devised by men to keep people in bondage to a church, then it is a cruel and heartless method of controlling people. Let’s see what Elohiym says about it.

Never mentioned

You can search the Scriptures from beginning to end, but you will not find the Eucharist helping a single dead person. And not one Bible character ever received the Eucharist on behalf of a departed loved one.

As you may suspect, this Catholic tradition is not only absent from Elohiym’s Word, it directly violates it as well. The Scriptures teaches that we will each give account for our own life:

Romans 14:12 So then every one of us shall give account of himself to Elohiym. 

Yahuwshuwa Messiah did all the work

People enter heaven solely because of the good work Yahuwshuwa ha’Mashiyach did on the cross. Salvation is a gift from Elohiym, not an item earned by our righteousness or the righteousness of friends and loved ones.

Death, then judgment

The Scriptures declares that after death, everyone faces Elohiym for judgment. There are no more chances:

Ibriym (Hebrews) 9:27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment.

Those who do not put their faith in Mashiyach (Messiah) while they are alive are already condemned to hell:

Yahuwchanon (John) 3:18 He that believes on him [Yahuwshuwa] is not condemned: but he that believes not is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of Elohiym. 

The wrath of Elohiym abides on those who die without Elohiym:

Yahuwchanon (John) 3:36 He that believes on the Son has everlasting life: and he that believes not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of Elohiym abides on him.

The Scriptures say nothing about Elohiym’s wrath being pacified because someone received the Eucharist on behalf of departed loved ones. The only way to avoid the condemnation of Elohiym is by placing your faith in Yahuwshuwa ha’Mashiyach while you are alive. Yahuwshuwa Messiah  declared the following words:

Yahuwchanon (John) 3:36 “... He that hears my word, and believes on him that sent me, has everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.” 


Once again, you are left with several questions which must be answered:

Why is this tradition of the Catholic Church so diametrically opposed to Elohiym’s Holy Word? Why does the Catholic Church want members performing rituals for the dead, when Elohiym’s Word says such practices are useless? Is this but another method of keeping people in bondage to the Catholic Church? Most importantly, you need to understand that to continue practicing this man-made tradition, you must reject the very words of YaHuW’shuwa ha’Mashiyach. Are you sure you want to do this?

Colossians 2:8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Mashiyach (Messiah). 

Sunday, December 4, 2011

The Eight-Day Miracle of the Oil on Chanukkah: Truth or Tradition?

By Maria Merola

Every year during the season of Chanukkah, we encounter a plethora of well-meaning Hebraic Roots teachers who try to convince the newbies and uninformed people that Chanukkah is somehow pagan or a false tradition of men that bears no scriptural support.

I was one of the ignorant ones at one time who fell for this lie when I was new to the Hebraic Roots of my faith in Messiah. However, after doing my own investigation, I have come to realize that Satan must be pretty upset about the eight-day miracle of the oil that took place at the re-dedication of our Heavenly Fathers Temple. What other reason could he possibly have for maligning this miracle thereby deceiving the sheep into mocking YaHuWaH and his Temple?

I had previously been taught by well-meaning Hebraic Roots teachers that the “Eight-Day Miracle of the Oil” was simply a myth and that it could not be substantiated in the book of Maccabees. Although many have previously thought that this 8-day miracle of the oil is just a man-made Jewish Tradition, historically we can find sufficient evidence to conclude that it actually did occur. While I do not view the Jewish Talmud equal in inspiration to the scriptures, we can certainly refer to the Talmud as historical record which I will be using as part of my research to show that this eight-day miracle did indeed take place.

As I began to research this further, I discovered several proofs from the scriptures that a Temple re-dedication always lasts for seven days and then it is considered re-dedicated on the eighth day. 

This is the standard, because prophetically the number “8” points to the 8th millennium from creation in the future when the New Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) will then come down out of heaven in Revelation 21

In 2nd Peter 3:8 we read that “one day is like a thousand years with YaHuWaH,” and so we can look to the future “eighth millennium” from creation as “the eighth day” when our Creator, YaHuWaH will cause the “first heaven and the first earth to pass away” and then “the new heaven and the new earth, and the new Jerusalem” will come down. 

This will happen as an “initiation” into eternity on the 8th day or the 8th millennium. The number “8” in scripture always represents new beginnings and initiation because a baby boy is circumcised and dedicated to YaHuWaH Elohiym on the 8th day from his birth.

Correlating to the idea of “new beginnings” is the very meaning of the word “Chanukkah” which literally means “re-dedication & initiation:” 

#2597 chanukka’ chan-ook-kaw’ (Aramaic) corresponding to 2598; consecration:--dedication.

#2598 chanukkah khan-ook-kaw’ from 2596; initiation, i.e. consecration:--dedicating(-tion).

Even the name “Enoch” in Hebrew comes from the same root word and means the same thing:

#2585 Chanowk khan-oke’ from 2596; initiated; Chanok, an antediluvian patriarch:--Enoch.

The 8th Millennium (after the 1,000 year reign of Messiah on earth) will then be the initiation of the new heaven & the new earth which will come down from heaven and the new Jerusalem.  

Yahuwshuwa ha’Mashiyach’s body will then be the Temple on the 8th day (8th Millennium), and so it is significant that we see prophetically why this 8-day miracle is embedded into the celebration.

We can also see the number eight representing “salvation” because on Noah’s Ark, only eight people were saved:

1st Keefa (Peter) 3:20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of Elohiym waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.

2nd Keefa (Peter) 2:5 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;

Why did Keefa (Peter) called Noah the “eighth person?” It is because Noah went into the ark last as he allowed his family to go in first, and then he being the “eighth person” symbolically means that YaHuWaH was putting an end to the defiled population of the earth as he was “re-dedicating” the earth with water baptism and cleansing it.

We find in the Towrah that whenever the altar became defiled, in order to “re-dedicate” the Temple altar, it must remain unclean for seven days before it could be cleansed and re-dedicated.

The Standard for the Re-dedication of the Altar is Seven Days & on the 8th Day it is cleansed according to the Towrah:

Shemoth (Exodus) 29:

35 And thus shall you do unto Aaron, and to his sons, according to all things which I have commanded you: seven days shall you consecrate them.

36 And you shall offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement: and you shall cleanse the altarwhen you have made an atonement for it, and you shall anoint it, to sanctify it.

37 Seven days you shall make an atonement for the altarand sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy: whatsoever touches the altar shall be holy.

Yehezqel (Ezekiel) 43:

22 And on the second day you shall offer a kid of the goats without blemish for a sin offering; and they shall cleanse the altar, as they did cleanse it with the bullock.

23 When you have made an end of cleansing it, you shall offer a young bullock without blemish, and a ram out of the flock without blemish.

24 And you shall offer them before YHWH, and the priests shall cast salt upon them, and they shall offer them up for a burnt offering unto YHWH.

25 Seven days shalt you prepare every day a goat for a sin offering: they shall also prepare a young bullock, and a ram out of the flock, without blemish.

26 Seven days shall they purge the altar and purify it; and they shall consecrate themselves.

27 And when these days are expired, it shall be, that upon the eighth day, and so forward, the priests shall make your burnt offerings upon the altar, and your peace offerings; and I will accept you, saith YHWH Elohiym.

2nd Chronicles 7:9 And in the eighth day they made a solemn assembly: for they kept the dedication of the altar seven days, and the feast seven days.

The Law of the Leper takes Seven Days and on the 8th Day he is cleansed:

Wayyikra (Leviticus) 22

2 This shall be the law of the leper in the day of his cleansing: He shall be brought unto the priest:

6 And YHWH spoke unto Mosheh, saying,

27 When a bullock, or a sheep, or a goat, is brought forth, then it shall be seven days under the dam; and from the eighth day and thenceforth it shall be accepted for an offering made by fire unto YHWH.

In 2nd Kings 5:10-14 the prophet Elisha told the Syrian Naaman to wash himself seven times in the Jordan River and his leprosy would be healed. We see the same pattern here, because Elisha obviously knew what the Towrah said about the Law of the Leper and that he would be unclean for seven days and on the eighth day he would be cleansed. Naaman dipped himself seven times (once for each day of uncleanness in the Towrah ordinance) and then he was cleansed! So you see, the number “eight” represents salvation and newness of life! 

The Talmud Reveals Historically the Eight Day Miracle of the Oil

*Disclaimer: I, Maria Merola do not hold the Talmud as being inspired like the scriptures, but I do believe we can glean historic facts from the Talmud. Concerning this historical fact about the 8-day miracle of the oil found in the Talmud, I believe we can find enough evidence in Towrah to validate that this miracle did indeed take place, as you will soon discover.

The Chanukkah Miracle: A flask with one night’s oil burned for 8 nights. But being that there was oil for one night, the miracle actually lasted only 7 nights. So why does Chanukkah last for 8 nights?

Here are 8 approaches to answer this question:

They divided one night’s oil into eight portions. Miraculously, each portion lasted an entire night. ---Beit Yosef, Orach Chaim 670

The Greeks ransacked the Temple many days in search of oil to defile. Despite their strength and numbers, they overlooked one flask. A few weak, battle-weary Jews found it immediately. ---HaMeiri in Lehodos U’lehallel; Sefer HaEshkol, Chanukah 6:13

Wanting the oil to last, they made the wicks one-eighth of the normal thickness. Nevertheless, the flames burned just as brightly as if the wicks had been the normal thickness. ---Chidushei HaRim

The golden menorah was ritually impure. So were all the Jewish soldiers, having come in contact with death on the battlefield. Therefore, they were forced to make a temporary earthenware menorah, because earthenware is more resistant to impurity. But earthenware is porous, and when it is new, it absorbs a small but significant part of any oil put in it. Therefore, one night’s oil for a gold menorah was not sufficient for an earthenware menorah because some of the oil is lost to absorption. ---Bava Metzia 40a & Maharsha Chullin 55

In one account, the text reads “and there wasn’t enough (oil) in it to burn even one day...” ---Sheiltos DeRav Achai Gaon, Parshas Vayishlach found in footnote to Megillas Antiochucus in Siddur Otzar Hatefilos

Seven days commemorate the miracle of the oil, and one day commemorates the miracle that a few weak Jewish soldiers defeated the mighty Greek legions.--Kedushas Levi

Chanukkah occurred in the year 3622 (139 BCE). Calendar calculations and other historical sources indicate that the 25th of Kislev, the first day of Chanukkah, fell on Shabbat that year. Therefore, they needed to light the menorah before sunset Friday night, and consequently needed a little more than a night’s-worth of oil.---Atzei Zayis

The commandment to light the menorah with pure oil is written in the Towrah (Leviticus, chapters 23 and 24) immediately after the commandment to observe the Succoth festival for 8 days (7 days of Succoth followed by Shemini Atzeres). The Sages saw this as a divine hint that Chanukkah should be for 8 days. ----Bnei Yisaschar in the name of the Rokeach.

Research based on Sefer Ner Lemeah, Rabbi Yerachmiel Zeltzer.

Apparently the historical record shows that the House of Judah were unable to keep the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkoth) in the 7th month that year when Judah Maccabees took back the temple for YaHuWaH because the temple had been defiled by Antiochus. When the Temple was re-dedicated two months later, the House of Judah kept a belated Feast of Tabernacles. This was by no means an accident, as we will soon learn that YaHuWaH intended for this belated celebration to land on the very same day that was prophesied about by the prophet Haggai in connection with the incarnation and conception of the true Messiah! 

YaHuWaH allowed Sukkoth to be belated that year in order to signify that the 8th Millennium will begin another Tabernacle in the New Jerusalem. All throughout the 7th Millennium during the earthly reign of Messiah, this will take place during the “seventh millennium” or “the seventh day” as a thousand years of Sabbath rest. It is no small coincidence that the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkoth) takes place in the “seventh month” correlating the “7th millennium.” But since the House of Judah had to wait until the 9th month to celebrate Sukkoth that year, the 9th month will then correlate to the 9th millennium (after the 8th millennium) which will take us into eternity.

When the Second Temple in Jerusalem was looted and services stopped, Judaism was outlawed. In 167 BCE Antiochus ordered an altar to Zeus erected in the Temple. He banned circumcision and ordered pigs to be sacrificed at the altar of the Temple. 

Antiochus’s actions provoked a large-scale revolt. Mattityahuw, a Jewish priest, and his five sons Jochanan, Simeon, Eleazar, Jonathan, and Judah led a rebellion against Antiochus. Judah became known as Yahuwdah (Judah) HaMakabi  or “Judah the Hammer.” By 166 BCE Mattathias had died, and Judah took his place as leader. By 165 BCE the Jewish revolt against the Seleucid monarchy was successful. The Temple was liberated and re-dedicated. The festival of Chanukkah was instituted to celebrate this event. Judah ordered the Temple to be cleansed, a new altar to be built in place of the polluted one and new holy vessels to be made. According to the Talmud, olive oil was needed for the menorah in the Temple, which was required to burn throughout the night every night. The story goes that there was only enough oil to burn for one day, yet it burned for eight days, the time needed to prepare a fresh supply of oil for the menorah. An eight day festival was declared by the Jewish sages to commemorate this miracle.

The version of the story in 1st Maccabees states that an eight-day celebration of songs and sacrifices was proclaimed upon re-dedication of the altar, and makes no mention of the miracle of the oil. A number of historians believe that the reason for the eight-day celebration was that the first Chanukkah was a belated celebration of Sukkoth and “Shemini Atzeret” or “The Eighth Day.”

During the war, the Jews were not able to celebrate the these festivals, when lamps were lit in the Temple (Suk.v. 2–4).

The Miracle of the Oil and the Remnant
By James Scott Trimm
From the book: Channukah and the Last Days

A major part of the Channukah story is the miracle of the oil. In fact, when the Hasmonian dynasty fell out of favor, celebration of Channukah shifted in theme from the military victory itself, to the miracle of the oil. The miracle of the oil is not actually mentioned in the books of the Maccabees however the Talmud does recount it:

Talmud: b. Shabbat 21b

What is the reason for Channukah? For our Rabbis taught: On
the 25th of Kislev begin the days of Channukah, which are
eight, during which lamentation for the dead and fasting are
forbidden. For when the Greeks entered the Temple, they
defiled all the oils in it, and when the Hasmonean dynasty
prevailed against and defeated them, they [the Maccabees]
searched and found only one cruse of oil which possessed the
seal of the High Priest, but which contained sufficient oil for
only one day’s lighting; yet a miracle occurred there and they
lit [the lamp] for eight days. The following year these days
were appointed a Festival with the recitation of Hallel and

It was also recounted in the Megillat Antiochus (c. 200 CE):

Megillat Antiochus

The Hasmoneans entered the Sanctuary, rebuilt the gates,
closed the breaches, and cleansed the Temple court from the
slain and the impurities. They looked for pure olive oil to light
the Menorah, and found only one bottle with the seal of the
Kohen Gadol so that they were sure of its purity. Though its
quantity seemed sufficient only for one day’s lighting, it lasted
for eight days owing to the blessing of the Elohim of heaven
who had established His Name there. Hence, the Hasmoneans
and all the Jews alike instituted these eight days as a time of
feasting and rejoicing, like any festival prescribed in the Torah,
and of kindling lights to commemorate the victories Elohim
had given them.

There has been some controversy concerning the miracle of the oil. Some say that it was a later innovation, since it is not mentioned in either 1st of 2nd Maccabees. I am convinced that the miracle of the oil did take place for three reasons:

1. It is implied in 2nd Maccabees (we will cover this below).

2. It is recorded in other early sources, such as the Megillat Antiochus.

3. It fits the Last Days prophetic imagery too well for that relationship to be coincidental.

While none of the books of the Maccabees mention this miracle, there are hints of it found in 2nd Maccabees (which is written on the REMEZ level). 2nd Maccabees opens with two letters. The first is a letter to the Jews in Egypt (2nd Maccabees 1:1-9) and the second is more specifically to Aristobulus and to the Jews in Egypt (2nd Maccabees 1:10-2:18). The purpose of these letters, is to explain to the Jews in Egypt why they should keep the eight-day Channukah Festival, despite the fact that it is not one of the feasts prescribed in the Torah. The letter begins with events concerning Nehemiah and works it’s way backwards to the time of Moses.

The letter encourages the Egyptians to “celebrate the feast of tabernacles and the feast of fire” which he says “was given when Nehemiah, who built the Temple and the altar, offered sacrifices” (2nd Maccabees 1:18).

What is “the feast of fire?” Is it a reference to the original feast of Tabernacles or to Channukah which originated as a belated feast of Tabernacles. The text is unclear.

The letter goes on to explain the original “miracle of the oil” which took place in association with the dedication of the Second Temple built by Nehemiah:

2nd Maccabees. 1:19-36

19: For when our fathers were led into Persia, the priests that
were then devout took the fire of the altar privily, and hid it in
an hollow place of a pit without water, where they kept it sure,
so that the place was unknown to all men.

20: Now after many years, when it pleased Elohiym, Nehemiah,
being sent from the king of Persia, did send of the posterity of
those priests that had hid it to the fire: but when they told us
they found no fire, but thick water;

21: Then commanded he them to draw it up, and to bring it;
and when the sacrifices were laid on, Nehemiah commanded
the priests to sprinkle the wood and the things laid thereupon
with the water.

22: When this was done, and the time came that the sun shone,
which afore was hid in the cloud, there was a great fire kindled,
so that every man marvelled.

23: And the priests made a prayer whilst the sacrifice was
consuming, I say, both the priests, and all the rest, Jonathan
beginning, and the rest answering thereunto, as Nehemiah did.

24: And the prayer was after this manner; O YHWH, YHWH Elohiym,
Creator of all things, who art fearful and strong, and righteous,
and merciful, and the only and gracious King,

25: The only giver of all things, the only just, almighty, and
everlasting, thou that deliverest Israel from all trouble, and
didst choose the fathers, and sanctify them:

26: Receive the sacrifice for thy whole people Israel, and
preserve thine own portion, and sanctify it.

27: Gather those together that are scattered from us, deliver
them that serve among the heathen, look upon them that are
despised and abhorred, and let the heathen know that thou art
our Elohiym.

28: Punish them that oppress us, and with pride do us wrong.

29: Plant thy people again in thy holy place, as Moses hath

30: And the priests sung psalms of thanksgiving.

31: Now when the sacrifice was consumed, Nehemiah
commanded the water that was left to be poured on the great

32: When this was done, there was kindled a flame: but it was
consumed by the light that shined from the altar.

33: So when this matter was known, it was told the king of
Persia, that in the place, where the priests that were led away
had hid the fire, there appeared water, and that Nehemiah had
purified the sacrifices therewith.

34: Then the king, inclosing the place, made it holy, after he
had tried the matter.

35: And the king took many gifts, and bestowed thereof on
those whom he would gratify.

36: And Nehemiah called this thing Naphthar, which is as
much as to say, a cleansing: but many men call it Naphta

The account is unclear as to whether these events took place at a Sukkoth (Tabernacles) or on the 25th of Chislev. The author probably assumes that his audience is familiar with this account and knows which was the case.

If it took place on a Sukkoth, it might explain how Sukkoth has become the original “festival of lights,a characteristic that transferred to Channukah. Sukkoth was known as the “Festival of Light” and at this feast the entire city of Jerusalem was filled with light from giant 75 feet tall menorahs. (m. Sukkah 5:2–4; b. Sukkah 52b).

This author’s intent was to justify the observance of Channukah through this account, which certainly implies that Channukah also involved a similar “miracle of the oil.” The letter goes on to recount another apocryphal event, in which Jeremiah also took some of this “fire” (which by implication, would also have taken the form of the miraculous thick liquid (oil) “nephthar” along with certain Temple artifacts including the Ark of the Covenant, hiding them up in a cave in Mount Moab:

2nd Maccabees 2:1-8a

1: It is also found in the records, that Jeremy the prophet
commanded them that were carried away to take of the fire, as
it hath been signified:

2: And how that the prophet, having given them the law,
charged them not to forget the commandments of YHWH, and
that they should not err in their minds, when they see images of
silver and gold, with their ornaments.

3: And with other such speeches exhorted he them, that the law
should not depart from their hearts.

4: It was also contained in the same writing, that the prophet,
being warned of Elohiym, commanded the tabernacle and the ark to
go with him, as he went forth into the mountain, where Moses
climbed up, and saw the heritage of Elohiym.

5: And when Jeremiah came thither, he found an hollow cave,
wherein he laid the tabernacle, and the ark, and the altar of
incense, and so stopped the door.

6: And some of those that followed him came to mark the way,
but they could not find it.

7: Which when Jeremiah perceived, he blamed them, saying,
As for that place, it shall be unknown until the time that Elohiym
gather his people again together, and receive them unto mercy.

8: Then shall YHWH shew them these things, and the glory of
the Lord shall appear, and the cloud also, as it was shewed
under Moses,…

The Author of 2nd Maccabees is telling us that on the last day when Messiah returns there will be a great miracle, the pillar of cloud will return and indicate the hidden position of the Ark of the Covenant, the Temple artifacts and the “Naphthar,” the oil that will miraculously restore the fire of the altar for the Millennial Temple. The letter goes on to recount Solomon’s dedication of the First Temple, and how the original fire of the altar of the First Temple was also a great miracle:

2nd Maccabees 2:8 b-12

8b …and as when Solomon desired that the place might be
honourably sanctified.

9: It was also declared, that he being wise offered the sacrifice
of dedication, and of the finishing of the temple.

10: And as when Moses prayed unto YHWH, the fire came
down from heaven, and consumed the sacrifices: even so
prayed Solomon also, and the fire came down from heaven,
and consumed the burnt offerings.

11: And Moses said, Because the sin offering was not to be
eaten, it was consumed.

12: So Solomon kept those eight days.

This refers back to the events recorded in 2nd Chronicles :

2nd Chronicles 7:1 HRV Now when Solomon (Shlomo) had made an end of praying, the fire came down from heaven, and consumed the burnt-offering and the sacrifices, and the glory of YHWH filled the house.

This was part of the dedication of Solomon’s Temple, which took place at Sukkoth (2nd Chronicles. 7:8-10; 1st Kings 8:2).

Thus 2nd Maccabees makes the case that each Temple dedication was tied to a “miracle of fire” and to the eight-day Sukkoth celebration. It was manifest by the miracle of fire that came down from heaven at the dedication of the First Temple during Sukkoth. It was manifest at the dedication of the Second Temple and the miracle of the fire from the Naphthar. Finally it was manifest at the re-dedication of the Second Temple with the miracle of the oil.

The miracle of the oil points to the last days in two important ways. To begin with, the finding of the oil in the Temple as the re-dedication prefigures the finding of the Naphthar as well as the Ark of the Covenant and other Temple artifacts which will bring about another “miracle of fire” at the dedication of the Millennial Temple.

There is another important way in which the miracle of the oil prefigures the Last Days. At the end of the three and one half years of the Great Tribulation, when Messiah shall cleanse His Sanctuary, he will find a remnant. Just as the oil had the seal of the Cohen HaGadol, the remnant shall also be sealed:

Revelation 7:2-4 HRV

2 And I saw another angel who ascended from the rising of the
sun, and he had the seal of the Living Eloah. And he cried
aloud with a loud voice to the four angels--those to whom it
was given to harm the earth and the sea.

3 And he said, Do not harm the earth nor the sea, not even the
trees, until we seal the servants of Eloah between their eyes.

4 And I heard the number of those sealed, one hundred and
forty-four thousand from all the tribes of Yisra’el.

This seal is the seal of the Ruach HaKodesh:

Ephesians. 1:13 HRV

11 And we were chosen in Him, even as He marked us out
beforehand, and He desired: He who performs everything
according to the purpose of His will,

12 That we, those who first hoped in the Messiah, should be to
the esteem of His glory.

13 In Him also, you heard the Word of Truth, which is the
Good News of your life, and in Him, you believed and were
sealed with the Ruach HaKodesh which was promised,

14 Which is the token of our inheritance, unto the redemption
of those who have Life, and unto the glory of His honor.

In the Tanak, the olive oil of the menorah is identified as symbolic of the Ruach HaKodesh:

Zechariah 4:

1 And the angel that spoke with me returned and waked me, as
a man that is wakened out of his sleep.

2 And he said unto me: What see you? And I said, I have seen,
and behold a candlestick all of gold, with a bowl upon the top
of it, and its seven lamps thereon; there are seven pipes: yes
seven, to the lamps, which are upon the top thereof.

3 And two olive trees by it: one upon the right side of the bowl,
and the other upon the left side thereof.

4 And I answered and spoke to the angel that spoke with me,
saying, What are these, my master?

5 Then the angel that spoke with me answered and said unto
me: Know you not what these are? And I said, No, my master.

6 Then he answered and spoke unto me, saying: This is the
word of YHWH unto Z’rubavel, saying: Not by might, nor by
power: but by My spirit! says YHWH Tzva’ot.

7 Who are you, O great mountain before Z’rubavel? You shall
become a plain. And he shall bring forth the top stone with
shoutings of Grace! Grace! unto it.

8 Moreover the word of YHWH came unto me, saying:

9 The hands of Z’rubavel have laid the foundation of this
house; his hands shall also finish it: and you shall know that
YHWH Tzva’ot has sent me unto you.

10 For who has despised the day of small things? Even they,
shall see with joy the plummet in the hand of Z’rubavel--even
these seven, which are the eyes of YHWH, that run to and fro
through the whole earth.

11 Then answered I, and said unto him, What are these two
olive trees upon the right side of the candlestick, and upon the
left side thereof?

12 And I answered the second time, and said unto him, What
are these two olive branches, which are beside the two golden
spouts, that empty the golden oil out of themselves?

13 And he answered me and said: Know you not what these
are? And I said, No, my master.

14 Then said he: These are the two anointed ones, that stand by
the Adon of the whole earth.

Note the parallel here between these two “olive trees” and the two “olive tree” witnesses who witness during the forty-two months of the Great Tribulation:

Revelation 11:1-4 HRV

1 And a reed was given to me like a rod, and the angel stood
and said, Arise and measure the Temple of Eloah, and the altar,
and those who worship in it:

2 Yet the court within the Temple, leave out, and do not
measure it, because it is given to the Goyim, and they will
trample down the Set-Apart city, forty-two months.

3 And I will give my two witnesses [authority] to prophesy,
one thousand two hundred sixty days, being clothed with

4 These are two olive trees and two lampstands, that stand
before the Adon of the whole earth.

Yeshua illustrates the “oil” which the remnant will have upon their return:

Matthew 25:1-12 HRV

1 Then will the Kingdom of Heaven be comparable to ten
virgins, which took their torches, and went out to meet the

2 Five of them were foolish, and five of them were prudent.

3 The five foolish, when they took the torches, took no oil with

4 But the prudent took the oil in their vessels, with the torches.

5 And while the bridegroom was delayed, they all slumbered
and slept.

6 And at midnight there was a cry, Behold! The bridegroom
has come: go out now to meet Him!

7 Then all those virgins arose, and made ready their torches.

8 And the foolish said to the prudent, Give us now of your oil,
for our torches are extinguished.

9 But the prudent answered and said to them, We may not give
you, lest there suffice not for us and you. But go now therefore
to them that sell, and buy for yourselves:

10 And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came. And
they that were ready, went in with Him to the marriage, and the
door was shut.

11 And after that, came the rest of the virgins, saying, My
Master, My Master: open to us!

12 But He answered, saying: Amen, I say to you, I know you

Just as Judas Maccabee found a single jar of set-apart oil sealed with the seal of the Cohen HaGadol, when Messiah returns he will find a remnant sealed with the seal of the Ruach HaKodesh, filled with the Ruach HaKodesh.

*James Trimm’s article ends here and Maria’s article continues*

In keeping with the theme of the “eight-day miracle of the oil,” it is not small coincidence that scripture reveals “eight” dedications of YaHuWaH’s Temple.

There are a total of ten references for the word “dedication” in scripture, but two of these references describe the dedication of King Nebuchadnezzar’s abominable golden statue in Daniel 3:2-3. But if you take away these two references from Daniel 3:2-3, you end up with “8” references for the word “dedication” that are pertaining to the altar of YaHuWaH.

Eight References to Chanukkah Seen in the Scriptures

Bemidbar (Numbers) 7:84 This was the dedication [chanukkah] of the altar, in the day when it was anointed, by the princes of Yisra’el: twelve chargers of silver, twelve silver bowls, twelve spoons of gold:

Bemidbar (Numbers) 7:88 And all the oxen for the sacrifice of the peace offerings were twenty and four bullocks, the rams sixty, the he goats sixty, the lambs of the first year sixty. This was the dedication [chanukkah] of the altar, after that it was anointed.

2nd Dibre ha’Yamiym (Chronicles) 7:9 And in the eighth day they made a solemn assembly: for they kept the dedication [chanukkah] of the altar seven days, and the feast seven days.

Ezra 6:16 And the children of Yisra’el, the priests, and the Levites, and the rest of the children of the captivity, kept the dedication [chanukkah] of this house of Elohiym with joy.

Ezra 6:17 And offered at the dedication [chanukkah] of this house of Elohiym an hundred bullocks, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs; and for a sin offering for all Yisra’el, twelve he goats, according to the number of the tribes of Yisra’el.

Nechemyah (Nehemiah) 12:27 And at the dedication [chanukkah] of the wall of Jerusalem they sought the Levites out of all their places, to bring them to Jerusalem, to keep the dedication with gladness, both with thanksgivings, and with singing, with cymbals, psalteries, and with harps.

Daniyel (Daniel) 3:2 Then Nebuchadnezzar the king sent to gather together the princes, the governors, and the captains, the judges, the treasurers, the counsellors, the sheriffs, and all the rulers of the provinces, to come to the dedication [chanukkah] of the image which Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up.

Daniyel (Daniel) 3:3 Then the princes, the governors, and captains, the judges, the treasurers, the counsellors, the sheriffs, and all the rulers of the provinces, were gathered together unto the dedication [chanukkah] of the image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up; and they stood before the image that Nebuchadnezzar had set up.

Yahuwchanon (John) 10:22 And it was at Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) the feast of the dedication [chanukkah], and it was winter.

Nine Branches or Seven Branches?

The Temple menorah found in scripture has only seven branches (Numbers 8:2), rather than the nine-branch menorah used according for Chanukkah by tradition. I believe in celebrating Chanukkah by reading the story of the Maccabees to our children and by remembering the Yahuwdiy (Jewish) people who died because they loved the commandments of YaHuWaH and they refused to bow to a pagan idol.

I prefer using the seven-branch Temple menorah and not the nine-branch Chanukkiah invented by traditions of men. Even though I believe in using the seven-branch menorah, I can see patterns in scripture for the number “9.”

Our Messiah was conceived in the 9th month of Kislev on the Hebrew Calendar (Chanukkah) and he was born 9 months later in September on the Feast of Trumpets.

There are 9 gifts of the Holy Spirit (1st Corinthians 12:8-11) & 9 fruits of the Holy Spirit (Galatians 5:22-23). There were also 9 months of pregnancy for the Temple (the body) of Messiah to be completely formed in the womb. Hence, while I personally do not use the 9-branch menorah, I can see some prophetic meaning behind the number “9” in scripture. 

The number “8” is the number of “new beginnings,” and it will be in the 8th millennium from creation that the new heaven & the new earth will come down (Revelation 21). It will be at this point in time that the Messiah himself will become the Temple as seen in Revelation 21:22. 

Our Messiah, Yahuwshuwa will become that Temple on the “twenty fourth day of the ninth month” of Kislev (Chanukkah) according to the prophecy in Haggai 2:18-19. Therefore, those who speak evil against Chanukkah are inadvertently speaking evil of our Messiah and his Temple!