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Wednesday, May 25, 2011

The Sabbath Resurrection: “I Will Raise Him Up at the Last Day.”

By Maria Merola אריאל

© Copyright Double Portion Inheritance, April 2010

From the beginning at the creation, YaHuWaH our Creator showed us the pattern by which he was going to create the world that we live in and how he would restore all of mankind to his rightful position in the kingdom. The seven-day week became the prophetic pattern for which the rest of prophecy and redemption for mankind would continue to unfold. 

The seventh day not only points to a 12-hour period, (as there are only twelve hours in the day), but the 7th day also points to the 7,000-year creation week which will take us to what is called “The Sabbath Millennium.” 

And thus, the commandment telling us that the 7th day is qadowsh (holy) is pointing to an event that has not take place yet. Not only is the Sabbath day an event in the future, but we are commanded to keep the 7th day as a “holy convocation.” 

This word convocation” in Hebrew is “miqra” which means a “rehearsal.” Now if the bride is  rehearsing for the future Marriage Supper of the Lambevery Sabbath day, then she needs to understand the time-keeping mechanisms of her bridegroom so that she can be “in sync” with him. 

This is why YaHuWaH first established his “day of rest” on the seventh day at creation (Genesis 2:2). But did, you know that before the Babylonian Captivity, the House of Yahuwdah (Judah), observed the Sabbath during the 12-hour period of the “day” (from sunrise until sunset) on the 7th day of the week? In Exodus 16:22-24, we learn that the Sabbath was celebrated starting in the morning hours. Now that is not to say that the seventh day of the week called the “Sabbath Day” is only to be kept for twelve hours. I am by no means advocating that we only keep a 12-hour Sabbath. 

Please understand that a calendar “date” according to scripture lasts for 24 hours, but a “day” only lasts for twelve hours. In Leviticus 23:27-32 we understand that “Yowm Kippur” called the “Day of Atonement” begins on the “tenth day of the seventh month,yet YaHuWaH tells us that we begin to celebrate it on the “ninth day at evening” and we are to afflict our souls “from evening to evening.” This is how we know that a calendar “date” changes at evening and that it runs its course for 24 hours. But a “day” (the light hours) only last for twelve hours.

The entire purpose for this study is to illustrate that the period called “day” is only twelve hours long, and the period called “night” is also only twelve hours long. But why is this important to know? 

It is because those who deny that our Messiah was in the heart of the earth for exactly “three days and three nights” have tried to suggest that he was only in the grave for “approximately three days” or that he resurrected “within three days.” But you see, in order for him to be the genuine Messiah, his prophecy had to come true wherein he said would be like Yownah (Jonah) who was in the belly of a whale for three days and three nights (Matthew 12:40).

After the Yahuwdiy (Jews) returned from their captivity back to Jerusalem, they were fully aware that they had been sent into captivity with the Babylonians because they had profaned the Shabbath (Nehemiah 13:17; Ezekiel 22:8,26,38). They had deeply repented and now they were taking extra precautions to now allow merchants to come in to sell their wares on the Sabbath:

Nechemyahuw (Nehemiah) 13:

18 Did not your fathers thus, and did not our Elohiym bring all this evil upon us, and upon this city? yet you bring more wrath upon Yisra’el by profaning the sabbath.

19 And it came to pass, that when the gates of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) began to be dark before the sabbath, I commanded that the gates should be shut, and charged that they should not be opened till after the sabbath: and some of my servants set I at the gates, that there should no burden be brought in on the sabbath day.

20 So the merchants and sellers of all kind of ware lodged without Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) once or twice.

21 Then I testified against them, and said unto them, Why lodge you about the wall? if you do so again, I will lay hands on you. From that time forth came they no more on the sabbath.

In the besowrah (gospel) of Yahuwchanon (John) in the sixth chapter, our Mashiyach, Yahuwshuwa promised to raise up his elect “at the last day.” But did you ever wonder what he meant when he said this? In order to understand this phrase “I will raise him up at the last day,” we must first lay the framework of what a “day” is in Hebrew understanding.

In the Strong’s Hebrew Concordance, the word is “yom:”

# 3117 yowm yome; from an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literal ; from sunrise to sunset; or from one sunset to the next; or figurative (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverb):--age, always, chronicals, continually, continuance daily, (birth-), each, today, (now a, two) days (agone), elder, end, evening,  forever, everlasting, evermore, full, life, as (so) long as (live), (even) now, old, outlived, perpetually, presently, remains, required, season, since, space, then, (process of) time, as at other times, in trouble, weather, (as) when, (a, the, within a) while (that), whole (age), (full) yearly, younger.

As you can see, the word “yom” in Hebrew means literally a 12-hour day from sunrise to sunset.  Since the root word for “yom” means “to be hot,” it becomes apparent that this word more often than not is literally a 12-hour period. It sometimes can refer to a 24-hour cycle (from sunset to sunset), but in most cases when scripture uses the term “day” it is referring to a 12-hour period as our Messiah confirmed this in John 11:9. But in a prophetic eternal sense, the word “day” can also be figurative of an “age” or a space of time defined by an associated term.

The Apostle Keefa (Peter) exhibited this understanding when he explained that one day is like 1,000 years to YaHuWaH:

2nd Keefa (Peter) 3:8 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with YHWH as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.

At creation, YaHuWaH separated the “light” from the “darkness” and he did not treat them as one continuous time period. He called the light part of this 24-hour period “day” and the dark part of it he called “night.”

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 1:

4 And Elohiym saw the light, that it was good: and Elohiym divided the light from the darkness.

5 And Elohiym called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night.....

2nd Qorintiym (Corinthians) 6:14...... and what communion has light with darkness?

In the scripture verses above, we first see that Yah separated the light from the darkness. The Apostle Shauwl (Paul) understood this concept very well, which is why he declared that we cannot mix these two periods together. We can get a glimpse into the plan of salvation for mankind by understanding that it is going to take place within a 7,000-year period called “creation week.” Yah created heaven and earth in “six days,” but then he rested from his work on the “seventh day.”

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 2:2 And on the seventh day Elohiym ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 2:3 And Elohiym blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which Elohiym created and made.

Shemoth (Exodus) 20:11 For in six days YHWH made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore YHWH blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

YaHuWaH has allotted 7,000 years for a “week” of his unfolding salvation for mankind. He created heaven and earth, the animals, plants, trees and mankind (humans) all in six literal days (12-hour cycles each), and then he rested on the literal 7th day that week. Not only did he do his first creative work in one literal week, but he is also continuing to create and restore throughout the history of mankind for the entire 7,000 years beginning from creation until the second coming of Mashiyach (Messiah). His second coming will take place on the “last day” of creation week. We can accurately call this “The Sabbath Millennium” because Mashiyach (Messiah) will give his elect “rest” from their works and a new incorruptible body.

Messiah Crucified on the 4th Day of the Week or Wednesday

Our Mashiyach, Yahuwshuwa came to earth in human form during the “4th Millennium” (the middle of the 7,000-year creation week). He also died “in the middle of the week” (Passover week on the 4th day of the week or Wednesday), and also in the “middle of the 7,000-year creation week in the 4th Millennium.” He also died in the middle of “Daniel’s 70th Week” (in the middle of his 7-year ministry where he worked for Rachel.) Hence, he died “in the midst of the week, within the week, within the week.” Let us take a look at this layering pattern of shebuwah (sevens) :

7,000 years: Messiah died in the 4th Millennium from creation in the midst of the week of 7 millennia.

7 years: Messiah died in the middle of a 7-year ministry of working for Rachel (like Jacob). His ministry was 3.5 years, and his “Two Witnesses” in Revelation 11 will pick up where he left off with a 3.5 year ministry (1,260 days). They will finish out the 7-year ministry of working for Rachel.

7 days: Messiah died in the middle of Passover Week on a Wednesday.

And so we can now see  how the 7th day Sabbath points to our redemption in Yahuwshuwa Mashiyach! 

YaHuWaH always seems to do things in “patterns,” which is why he resurrected on the last day” of the literal week. This also points to the bigger pattern where he will raise up his elect at the last day” of the 7,000- year creation week. 

Romans 6:5 says that we have been “planted together in the likeness of his deathand that we shall also be “planted together in the likeness of his resurrection.

Thus we can see that he causes his elect to follow in the same pattern as him in the way that he died and resurrected. It is because “seed reproduces after its own kind,and we are born-again of his incorruptible seed” (1st Peter 1:23). 

Yahuwshuwa our Mashiyach did not resurrect on “Sun” day morning as many have falsely taught us to believe in the Christian Church. Yahuwshuwa was “raised up” from the dead on the last day of the week called “Shabbat on the “seventh day.” This was a miniature pattern for us to observe that his elect (his seed) will also be raised up “at the last day,” at the end of the 7,000-year “creation week!” 

Yahuwchanon (John) 6:40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that everyone which sees the Son, and believes on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.

Yahuwchanon (John) 6:44 No man can come to me, except the Father which has sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.

Yahuwchanon (John) 6:54 Whoso eats my flesh, and drinks my blood, has eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.

Hoshea 6:2 After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.

Hoshea’s prophecy is showing us that on the 3rd day, Messiah would be raised from the dead, and that he would also raise up his elect unto new life “on the 3rd day.” In Revelation 11:11 his Two Witnesses are also raised back to life after three days. But this prophecy in Hoshea is not merely talking about a literal three days. It is also referring to three thousand years from when he was resurrected!  What this means is that after the Millennium, it will be “The 8th Day” following the creation week. You see, the Feast of Tabernacles lasts for 7 days (Leviticus 23:39-42), and on the 8th day of this feast, it is called “The Last Great Day” or in Hebrew, “La’Shanah Rabbah.” All during the 7th Millennium, will be a fulfillment of the 7-day Feast of Tabernacles. But once the Millennium is over, then we will go into the New Yerushalayim! 

Chazown (Revelation) 21:1-2 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. And I Yahuwchanon (John) saw the holy city, new Yerushalayim (Jerusalem), coming down from Elohiym out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

English Translators Confuse Messiah’s Resurrection

The first thing that we have to understand before moving forward in this study, is what these terms mean in scripture:

The term “evening” is the Hebrew word ereb:

#6153. `ereb eh -reb from 6150; dusk:--+ day, evening, tide, night.

It comes from the root word “arab” which means the following:

#6150. `arab aw-rab’ a primitive root (identical with 6148 through the idea of covering with a texture); to grow dusky at sundown:--be darkened, toward evening.

*Note: This means “toward evening” but not evening yet, hence it can mean the period of the latter half of the day from 12 noon (noontide) until sunset at 6:00 p.m.

#6256. `eth ayth from 5703; time, especially (adverb with preposition) now, when, etc.:--+ after, always, certain, + continually, + evening, long, (due) season, so (long) as, eveningnoon-tide, time, when.

An example of this word in Hebrew is “noontide:”

Yirmeyahuw (Jeremiah) 20:16 And let that man be as the cities which YHWH overthrew, and repented not: and let him hear the cry in the morning, and the shouting at noontide (eth, noon to evening time);

When Yahuwshuwa was sacrificed on the tree, YaHuWaH caused there to be darkness from twelve noon until 3:00 p.m. in order to fulfill the Towrah commandment to kill the Passover Lamb “at evening.”

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 27:45 Now from the sixth hour (12 noon) there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour (3 p.m.)

Marqos (Mark) 15:33 And when the sixth hour (12 noon) was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour (3 p.m.)

Debariym (Deuteronomy) 16:6 But at the place which YHWH your Elohiym shall choose to place his name in (Yerushalayim), there you shall sacrifice the Pesach (Passover) at evening (ereb), at the going down of the sun, at the season that you came forth out of Mitzrayim (Egypt).

You will notice that Messiah was first crucified at the 3rd hour of the day (9 a.m.) according to Mark 15:25. This is when the morning oblation was offered up daily in the Temple, thus he fulfilled the morning oblation. Then he hung on the tree from 12 noon until 3:00 p.m. and it grew dark between those hours making it as “evening” or noon-tide. He finally died at 3:00 p.m. fulfilling the Mosaic Law (Towrah) commandment that the Passover Lamb was to be sacrificed “at evening.”

The period that is called “evening” in Genesis 1:5 means dusk, and is a period that lasts from 12 noon until 6:00 p.m. Genesis 1:5 says that there was a period called “evening” (noon until sundown) and then a period called morning (from sunrise to twelve noon) and that completed a 12 hour “day.”

Yahuwchanon (John) 11:9 Yahuwshuwa answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day?

Okay, so we have established that there are 12 hours in a day---not 24 hours. The idea of a 24-hour cycle for a day comes from ancient Babylon. The 24-hour day is a picture of “mixture.”

Elohiym has already separated the night from the day, the darkness from the light. They are never co-mingled and treated as one time period. This is why the Apostle Shauwl used this metaphor of mixing light with darkness as the same thing as trying to mingle paganism with the pure worship our Creator YaHuWaH.

2nd Qorintiym (Corinthians) 6:14...... and what communion has light with darkness?

Now let us define what these terms mean in scripture:

Morning: (bowqer) sunrise until noon.
Noontide: (eth) noon until sundown.
Evening: (ereb) noon until sundown (dusk or twilight).
Night: (layil) after sundown until before dawn the next morning (total darkness).
Day: (yowm) a twelve hour cycle from sunrise to sunset.

The term called “night” in scripture is “Layil” in Hebrew and it is not the same thing as “evening.”

There are 4 watches in a night and each one is 3 hours long totaling 12 hours to a “night.”

The Hebrew word for “day” is “yowm” and it most often means “from sunrise to sunset” or during the warm hours of the day. It can also mean “the full period from sunset to sunset” or a 24-hour period.

But most often, in scripture, the term “day” means the period of 12 hours from sunrise to sunset as our Messiah established in John 11:9.

Bereshiyth (Genesis) 1:5 And Elohiym called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

Below is the same verse in Paleo Hebrew Pictograph Letters:

Genesis 1:5  ויקראH7121  אלהיםH430  לאורH216  יוםH3117  ולחשׁךH2822  קראH7121  לילהH3915  ויהיH1961  ערבH6153  ויהיH1961  בקרH1242  יוםH3117  אחד׃H259

The way that this verse reads in Ancient Hebrew is “existed evening existed morning day one.” When reading Genesis 1:5, the “evening” (sundown) came first and “morning,” (from sunrise to noon) came next in the sentence. This is because a new calendar date begins at sunset and the date is measured by lunar cycles. But the daylight period begins in the morning which is measured by the sun. It would appear to the reader then that the “first day” is speaking of a 24-hour period from sunset to sunset. But that is not what this verse is describing. It is describing a 12-hour period in each “day” (from sunrise to sunset).

Morning began at sunrise and ended at 12 noon, and the evening included “noon-tide” which began at 12 noon and ended at sundown. The entire period being spoken of in Genesis 1:5 is a 12-hour day as Yahuwshuwa pointed out in John 11:9.

We know that this is true, because the “morning & evening” sacrifices in the Temple were done within a 12-hour period as follows:

2nd Dibre ha Yamiym (Chronicles) 13:11 And they burn unto YHWH every morning and every evening burnt sacrifices and sweet incense: the showbread also set they in order upon the pure table; and the candlestick of gold with the lamps thereof, to burn every evening: for we keep the charge of YHWH our Elohiym; but you have forsaken him.

The “morning sacrifices” were done at sunrise and the “evening sacrifices” were done at sundown. These two daily sacrifices were done as “bookends” at the beginning and the end of a day.

So let’s define the terms:

1.) The new calendar “date” begins at sundown and is 24 hours long.

2.) The “day” begins at sunrise and is 12 hours long.

With this understanding, we can see that morning came first (sunrise to noon) and the evening came afterwards (12 noon until sunset) but this also shows that the “calendar date” changes at the close of “evening” not at the close of “night” at sunrise.

So When Did Messiah Resurrect?

Most people assume that he resurrected on Sunday morning because of this verse in Matthew 28:1 as it is written in the King James Version:

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 28:1 In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Miryam (Mary) Magdalene and the other Miryam (Mary) to see the sepulchre.

The problem with Matthew 28:1 is that the word “dawn” is a poor translation. The Greek word there for “dawn” is the equivalent of a word in Hebrew that means “a mixture of light and dark” hence, the word should really be “dusk” as the sun was going down.

The Strong’s Hebrew Concordance reveals that at sundown, the “dawning of the day” is at twilight or dusk:

#5399 nesheph neh’-shef from 5398; properly, a breeze, i.e. (by implication) dusk (when the evening breeze prevails):--dark, dawning of the day (morning), night, twilight.

The Greek words are as follows:

#2020. epiphosko ep-ee-foce'-ko a form of 2017; to begin to grow light:--begin to dawn, draw on.

#2017. epiphauo ep-ee-fow'-o a form of 2014; to illuminate (figuratively):--give light.

You can see why the English translators thought that the word should be “dawn” as in early in the morning, just before sunrise, but the word epiphosko can mean “ draw on” and it can mean “the beginning of something” as in the “dawn of a new era.” Hence, for something to “dawn” meant that something new was approaching. The term is much broader than the English word that we use to describe “sunrise.”

Murdock’s Translation on e-sword has it translated correctly:

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 28:1 And in the evening of the Sabbath as it was dusk, as the first (day) of the week began to dawn, came Mary of Magdala and the other Mary, to view the sepulcher.

You will notice that Murdock is calling this time of day “dusk” but he is saying that the “week” (Sabbaton in Greek) was beginning to “dawn” or to “draw on.” In other words it was not sunrise, but it was the end of the Sabbath at sundown, as the new week was approaching (dawning).

The MRC Translation on e-sword translates it like this:

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 28:1 Now late on the Shabbat, as it began to draw toward the first of the week, Miryam of Magdala and the other Miriam went to look at the grave.

Andrew Gabriel Roth who translated the English Aramaic New Testament (AENT) Peshitta also agrees with this interpretation. Here is what he says:

“Aramaic literally reads ‘b’ramsha din b’shabata’ or ‘in the evening of the shabbat.’ What is true for dawning is also true for setting in the sense of ‘conclusion’ as is meant here....Murdock and Etheridge also confirm this idiomatic reading in their translations.”

Something that one must understand is that the calendar date changes at sunset each day--- not at midnight. It was Pope Gregory who made the date change at midnight in 1582 C.E., thus fulfilling the role of the Beast in Daniel 7:23-25. “the beast shall think to change times and laws...” The new day was “dawning” at sunset and the word “day” here is in italics in the King James Version. Whenever you see a word in italics in the KJV, that means it was not there originally.

The verse should read like this in the King James Version:

Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 28:

1 In the end of the sabbath, as it began to draw on toward the first of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.

2 And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of YHWH descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.

Now think about this logically. The Sabbath ends on Saturday night at sundown right? It says here that it was the “end of the Sabbath” so how in the world could it be early Sunday morning if the Sabbath had not ended yet? It was still approaching the end of the Sabbath on Saturday night before sundown. Hence, when it says “towards the first of the week” it is telling us that Saturday night at sundown had not arrived yet, but it was moving towards sundown on Saturday night-----the first calendar date of the week!

This period is called “Habdalah” which means “separation, exiting the Sabbath.” 

We see this occurring in Acts 20:7:

Acts 20:7 And upon the first [day] of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.

Most Christians use this as an excuse to say that “Sunday” is the true “Christian Sabbath” and they think that they have “proof” that the disciples “broke bread” on the first “day” of the week. The natural conclusion would be to think that this is speaking of “Sunday Morning” but the word “day” does not appear in the original text! Another important thing to note is that in Acts 20:7 the Greek translation for “first day of the week” says “En de te mia ton Sabbaton.” 

Here, “mia” is not “the FIRST day of the week” but “the First of the Weeks” (plural). If you read the entire chapter of Acts 20, you will see in the previous verses that the disciples had just finished celebra-ting the “Feast of Unleavened Bread” and now they were counting “seven weeks” (Sabbaths) until “The Feast of Weeks” (Pentecost or Shabuwoth) and so this was the “first of the weeks” (plural) in the count. 

The English translators did not know this because they were not keeping the Feasts of YaHuWaH and so they did not translate this correctly. Also important to note, is that whenever a word is italicized in the King James Version, it means that the word was not there in the original text. As you can see, the word “day” was not in the original text, because this was not in the day time! This was the first of the “weeks” (sabbaths) in their 50-day count-down until Pentecost and this was immediately following the Sabbath on Saturday evening:

Acts 20:7: And upon the first of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.

Once you have this basic understanding, you will realize that Acts 20:7 was not speaking about Sunday morning, but it was speaking about the “first calendar date” of the week called “Havdalah” (exiting the Sabbath). It is further validated by the fact that Sha’uwl (Paul) preached until midnight that same night. If this had been Sunday morning, he would’ve preached from early Sunday at 9:00 a.m. (approximately) until 12 midnight that same night and this means he would’ve preached for 15 hours straight! 

It is absurd to believe that Paul preached that many hours in one day! One of the things that I like about the King James Version, is that it italicizes words that were not originally there in the text. The same thing occurs here with this word “day” is in italics here in John 20:1:

Yahuwchanon (John) 20:1 The first [day] of the week comes Miryam (Mary) Magdalene earlywhen it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and sees the stone taken away from the sepulchre.

Notice that it was “yet dark” and the word “day” was not there in the original text.

Hence it does not say “the first day of the week” it says “the first of the week” meaning the first calendar date of the week. Yahuwshuwa said in John 11:9 that there are 12 hours in a day.

Did you ever wonder why our Messiah made a point of separating 3 days from 3 nights? If a “day” is 24 hours long, why did he not say that he would be in the heart of the earth for “three days?” Why did he make a point of saying “three days & three nights?” 

The word Greek word for “half” in Revelation 11:11 is a word that means “a part of” something, and not necessarily “fifty percent of something.”

#2255. hemisu hay’-mee-soo neuter of a derivative from an inseparable prefix akin to 260 (through the idea of partition involved in connection) and meaning semi-; (as noun) half:--half.

Chazown (Revelation) 11:11 And after three days and an half the spirit of life from Elohiym entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them.

If scripture sets a precedence of defining a “half of a day” as only a part of a day and it does not round off the partition of the day to a full day, then one cannot use the full day of Wednesday (Messiah’s crucifixion) to mean the entire “day one” of his “three days and three nights” prophecy. The first “day” of this prophecy must then commence on Thursday at sunrise (the morning after his crucifixion).

This means 6-12 hour cycles:

Wednesday (14th of Abib) 3:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m. = 1/2 of a day
Wednesday (15th of Abib) 6:00 p.m.- Thursday 6:00 a.m. = #1 night
Thursday (15th of Abib) 6:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. = #1 day
Thursday (16th of Abib) 6:00 p.m. - Friday 6:00 a.m. = #2 night
Friday (16th of Abib) 6:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. = # 2 day
Friday (17th of Abib) 6:00 p.m. - Saturday 6:00 a.m. # 3 night
Saturday (17th of Abib) 6:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. = # 3 day

Grand Total = 3 days & 3 nights (and a half of a day on Wednesday like the 2 witnesses in Revelation 11).

The idea of a calling a 24-hour cycle a “day” comes from Babylon. The fact that Messiahs resurrection occurred on the “first” calendar date of the week, and it was dark means that it was after sundown on Saturday night when the women were able to go to the tomb. The Roman Soldiers were ordered to stand guard until the end of their three-day watch, and so the women wouldve been arrested had they gone to the tomb sooner. By the time the women arrived, the stone had already been rolled away earlier that day and the angel was there waiting to give them the good news!

Messiah resurrected before the end of Sabbath while it was still daylight! HalleluYah! He is Master (Lord) of the Sabbath!

The Conclusion: No More Excuse to call Sunday a Holy Day!

Yahuwshuwa is Master (Lord) of the Sabbath Day!

How Sabbath Came to Begin on Friday Night

This approximately, is the picture we have of the Sabbath in those very old days, when both kingdoms of Yisrael, (Yahuwdah & Ephrayim) were united. 

It was a festival on which there was a cessation of daily work, and the people assembled in the sanctuary to celebrate the “day.” The strict rest of later days was not yet a part of the Sabbath (p.6)...At any rate, beginning with the BABYLONIAN EXILE, we find the Sabbath attaining a new significance and a deeper spiritual content....IN THE BABYLONIAN EXILE...The Sabbath attained a “higher state of development among the exiled Jews in Babylonia, and it was these exiled Jews who enforced on Palestine, their Sabbath, with its stricter observance and its universal rest (p.7).

The Jews in Palestine, about a century after the Babylonian exile, did NOT as yet know the strict Sabbath of the Babylonian Jews (p.8)...At The Beginning of the Common Era...In order to assure against profanation of the Sabbath the Jews ADDED THE LATE FRIDAY AFTERNOON HOURS TO THE SABBATH (p.13).. The Sabbath in general, thus attained its peak in the first two centuries of the Common Era, the age of the Tannaim (70 A.D.-200A.D.), as the Jewish teachers and sages of that period were called. However, there were no Friday Night services as of yet. 

This most beautiful part of the Sabbath observance developed somewhat later in the age of the Amoraim (350 A.D.-500 A.D.), as the sages of the Talmud from the third century on were called, and it did not attain its highest peak until much later, at the very threshold of modern times. In the time of the Tannaim there was no Friday Night Services in the Synagogues (p.14)...Later it became customary to hold communal services in the Synagogue on Friday Night...”(p.15).-----The Jewish Festivals: History & Observance (by Hayyim Schauss - Shocken 1938).

Twelve Hour Day Sabbath In the Towrah

Shemoth (Exodus) 16:

19 And Mosheh said, Let no man leave of it till the morning.

20 Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Mosheh; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Mosheh was wroth with them.

21 And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.

22 And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Mosheh.

23 And he said unto them, This is that which YHWH has said, Tomorrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto YHWH: bake that which you will bake to day, and seethe that you will seethe; and that which remains over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.

24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Mosheh bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein.

25 And Mosheh said, Eat that today; for today is a sabbath unto YHWH: today you shall not find it in the field.

26 Six days you shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.

27 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none.

28 And YHWH said unto Mosheh, How long refuse you to keep my commandments and my laws?

29 See, for that YHWH has given you the sabbath, therefore he gives you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide you every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.

As we can see from the above verses, Mosheh told the people to gather the manna on the sixth day (verse 22). Then in verse 23, Mosheh commanded the people to bake the manna on the sixth day and to save it for the next morning on the Sabbath! 

In verse 24, the people ate the manna that they had prepared the day before, but now on the morning of the seventh day, Mosheh said to the people Eat that today, for today is a sabbath.The sequence of events in verses 22-25 clearly show us that the Sabbath was kept for the 12-hour period called “day” starting with the morning of the seventh day! Now does this mean the sixth night of the week (Friday Night) was not the Sabbath? Of course not! It was still the Sabbath beginning on sixth night of the week, but they went to bed and slept all night, so they did not actually “celebrate” the Sabbath until the morning hours! 

First Fruits Offering At Sundown or Sunrise?

There seems to be some question as to when the High Priest was to offer the wave sheaf offering in the Temple according to Leviticus 23:11:

....And he shall wave the sheaf before YHWH, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.

Yahuwshuwa Mashiyach acted as the Passover sacrifice but when he resurrected he was the High Priest after the order of Melchizedek who was commanded to “wave” the first fruits offering of souls before YaHuWaH.

Romiym (Romans) 8:23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.

1st Qorintiym (Corinthians) 15:20 But now is Mashiyach (Messiah) risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.

1st Qorintiym (Corinthians) 15:23 But every man in his own order: 
Mashiyach (Messiah) the firstfruits: afterward they that are Mashiyach’s at his coming.

Ya’aqob (James) 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.

The High Priest in the Temple was to wave the first-fruits of the barley harvest before YaHuWaH in the Temple. The Hebrew word for “first fruits” is Bikkuwr and so on the day when the High Priest waved the sheaf of the first-fruits of the barley before YaHuWaH in the Temple it is called Day of the First-Fruits or Yom HaBikkuwriym. 

Our Mashiyach Yahuwshuwa is our eternal High Priest after the order of Malki Tzedeq (Melkizedek) and he himself offered up the first-fruits of the souls of the redeemed according to Ephesians 4:8-10 when he went into the lower parts of the earth and gave gifts unto men. But when exactly did he do this? When was the High Priest scheduled to offer the “first-fruits?” When was “the morrow after the Sabbath” to begin?

Well, we can glean some understanding of when this took place from the historical account in the Talmud:

As for when the High Priests were to offer the Wave Sheaf Offering, it is historically proven that it was offered at the close of the Sabbath at sundown: Though Scripture specifies the day the wavesheaf was to be cut, it gives no specific time of day to cut it. Jewish history from the Second Temple period gives an interesting insight. The second-century Mishnah affirms that, when the Sadducees controlled the Temple, the sickle was put to the grain just as the sun was going down on the weekly Sabbath (Menahot 10:1-4, Jacob Neusner  translation, pp. 753-754). The book, Biblical Calendars, states, “The Boethusians [Temple priests] reaped [the firstfruits sheaf] at the going out of the Sabbath” (p. 218. Additional information can be found in the section titled “Temple Service,” p. 280, as well as in The Temple: Its Ministry and Services by Alfred Edersheim, 1994, pp. 203-205). The New Testament’s silence on this Sadducean practice—along with its agreement with the ritual’s fulfillment in Messiah—must be construed as acceptance of its validity.

The priests began to make the first cutting right at the end of the Sabbath, continuing over into the first day of the week, when the bulk of the work would be done. The ritual, however, was not complete until the sheaf was offered (waved) before Elohiym the following morning, or more precisely, between 9:00 a.m. and noon. Some might object to the reaping of the sheaf in the closing minutes of the Sabbath because it is a day of rest when no work is to be done. After one understands the full reason for it, as well as Yahuwshuwa’s direct statement that a priest is blameless in the performance of his required duties (Matthew 12:5), any objections to the practice disappear.

The conclusion is this: Yahuwshuwa haMashiyach resurrected at Havdalah (exiting the Sabbath) after he had gone into the heavenly Temple as the High Priest to wave the “first-fruits.” But was it actual barley that he waved before the Heavenly Father? No, he waved before YaHuWaH, the souls of men as his first-fruits offering! 

His resurrection on the seventh day of the week points us to the Sabbath Millennium when he will also resurrect his bride at the last day! 


  1. Hi Maria

    what year did you assess the death and resurrection of Messiah ?


  2. You mention 12 hours from sunset to sunset. Isn't it actually 24 hours
    of time on the full sabbath, one full day from sunset to sun set?

  3. Billith I did not say "twelve hours from sunset to sunset" any place in this blog. Perhaps it was a typo? I will proof-read it again. At creation YaHuWaH separated the period called "day" from the period called "night" and he did not treat them as a 24 hour "day." YaHuWshuwa our Messiah said that there are only twelve hours in the day (not 24 hours). The Babylonians were famous for "mixing" the day with the night and calling a 24-hour day. But they are not to be mixed together as one period. In Exodus 16 it clearly shows that Yisra'el kept the Sabbath from sunrise to sunset. The Jewish Encyclopedia says that the Sabbath began being kept from sunset Friday to sunset Saturday after the Babylonian Captivity.

  4. @Roj, the Talmud explains that there was the 40-Year Yom Kippur Miracle from 30 C.E - 70 C.E. where the black stone came up every year on Yom Kippur and also the red ribbon failed to turn from red to white. This happened for 40 consecutive years leading up to the Roman Siege because Jerusalem rejected their Messiah. But in 1532, Pope Gregory changed the New Year from April 1st to January 1st and that is the reason why previous dates have all changed. Hence, what used to be 30 C.E. is now rendered as 31 C.E. And so he actually died on 30 C.E. but the calculations have been altered now as if he had died in 31 C.E. shows that Passover began on the night of Tuesday (the 14th of Abib) in the year 31 C.E. In the year 30 C.E. Passover was on a Friday. That is why the dates have been altered by the RCC, in order to confuse prophecy.

  5. I always ask the question; Why did Yahuah use the word 'shabuwa' in Daniel 9:24-27? Why didn't He just use the actual count of years? Genesis 1:14 uses a perfectly good Hebrew word 'shaneh'(#H8141) translated as 'years'. The life span of men from Adam to Noah are given in 'years'(#H8141). That word is used throughout scripture. The word 'shabuwa' is like our words 'pair' and 'dozen'; in order to know for sure what is meant, you either have to have context or another word to tell you what you have a dozen of or a pair of.

    Everyone assumes that because the context/history of the first 69 'shabuwa' in Daniel 9:24-27 are clearly meant to be understood as years, that the 70th 'shabuwa' is also meant as years. Why?

    In Leviticus 12:5, 'shabuwa' is clearly understood to be a period of seven days. It would be awful if a woman were to be unclean for more than 14 years just because she gave birth to a little girl. Yet, it is also clear that Jacob had to work 7 years for each of his wives. The word 'shabuwa' is used both ways.

    What if? What if Yahuah used the word 'shabuwa' knowing that the context/history would show that the first 69 weeks would be correctly understood as periods of seven years, but He knew that the 70th 'shabuwa' would last a period of seven literal days?

    I understand that many people have analyzed the time period of the 69 'shabuwa' and found that it ended on the day of the so called 'Tiumphal Entry'. If that happens to be true, then the next seven days would culminate with Yahushua's resurrection at the end of the Sabbath day.

    I personally believe that all six items in verse 24 were fulfilled in Yahushua's life, death, burial and resurrection. I wouldn't be, no, won't be surprised to find that the so called 'great tribulation' has been going on for the past 2,000 years, and will conclude at His glorious return.

  6. amen! Yes! i love it, the 12hours shabbat morning. And all the rest. i'm going to take time to studie this. shalom and God Bless

    Diana Mac-Donald

  7. a normal day seems to go from dawn to blackness, except as told in Way. 23... else "between the two evenings" could not have been and was not referribng to the SAME day... Yahushua didn't hang there for an additional 12/24 hours whilst they kept Shabbat....

  8. it was a stake... a pole.... a tree... BUT....


  10. it was a stake... a pole.... a tree... BUT....

  11. a normal day seems to go from dawn to blackness, except as told in Way. 23... else "between the two evenings" could not have been and was not referribng to the SAME day... Yahushua didn't hang there for an additional 12/24 hours whilst they kept Shabbat....

  12. what am i babbling about? i meant hecouldn't have hung there over TWO days.... it would have violated the torah... duh me.... :(

  13. When looking at Math 1:28 it is immdiately clear that it contains a contradiction. It is not even necessary to understand the greek word. No matter which calendar you use it does not work. If you use Gregorian Maria had to be there around 11 pm to 12 pm and dawn is 6 hours later. she can not be in both time frame at the same time. If it is Yah's calendar she is even further apart ...about 12 hours . In addition if she would have been there at dawn than she would have been not at the end of Sabbath but in the middle/roughly 12 hours into the first day. which ever way it can not work which in itself if approached logically shows that the word Dawn can not meet the only way it works without violation if the first day is dawning and this does not mean light anyway in this context. It would in no way surprise that if Greek wants to say SUNRISE that it is a completely different word than the one used.

  14. In addition I believe that to reason that the word "day" is added to help the flow is not viable...for the effect shows that it serves to mislead....and skilled scholar in the work of translation knows to see that difference. It is an intended use to mislead or put emphasis on so a mislead towards understanding dawn as sunrise is put in place. After all we have scripture in the hands of Sun God worship for 2000 years.