© Copyright Double Portion Inheritance August 2008
By Maria Merola
Yahuwshuwa Messiah lived out an intermediate fulfillment of Yom Kippur at his first coming, after his forty days of fasting in the wilderness. At his second coming, he will fulfill it again on the “Day of Wrath” when he “avenges the blood of the saints” and returns with his bride (Revelation 19). As we read Matthew’s account of his temptation in the wilderness, we learn that there are some very strong clues about the scapegoat and the sacrificial goat being fulfilled in YaHuW’shuwa.
Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 4:
1 Then was Yahuwshuwa led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.
2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward hungry.
3 And when the tempter came to him, he said, If you be the Son of Elohiym, command that these stones be made bread.
4 But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of Elohiym.
5 Then the devil took him up into the holy city, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple,
6 And said unto him, If you be the Son of Elohiym, cast yourself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning you: and in their hands they shall bear you up, lest at any time you dash your foot against a stone.
*Note: Satan was trying to tempt Yahuwshuwa to follow the rabbinic tradition of throwing the scapegoat off of the cliff, but Yahuwshuwa would not allow himself to follow rabbinic tradition. Yahuwshuwa fulfilled the scapegoat according to the Torah, but not the traditions of men. The Jewish Sanhedrin had started a tradition of throwing the scapegoat off of a cliff because they were concerned that the goat would find its way back into the camp and thus bring back the sins of the nation. To ensure that the sins of the nation carried away by the scapegoat, could never return to them, the scapegoat was led up to a steep cliff and thrown down. This is the very reason why Satan tried to tempt Yahuwshuwa to throw himself down from a pinnacle of the temple while he was in the wilderness. Satan knew that Yahuwshuwa was carrying out the pattern of the scapegoat and he wanted him to obey the man-made rabbinic traditions of not trusting in YaHuWaH to save us. This tradition is against the Torah because it shows an attitude of trusting in human efforts versus trusting in Yah to keep the scapegoat away.
Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 4:
7 Yahuwshuwa said unto him, It is written again, you shall not tempt YHWH your Elohiym.
8 Again, the devil took him up into an exceeding high mountain, and showed him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them;
9 And said unto him, All these things will I give you, if you will fall down and worship me.
10 Then said Yahuwshuwa unto him, Get you hence (get away), Satan: for it is written, you shall worship YHWH your Elohiym, and him only shall you serve.
1st Yahuwchanon (John) 2:16 shows us three main categories of sin:
1.) The lust of the flesh
2.) The lust of the eyes
3.) The pride of life
Satan tried to tempt Yahuwshuwa in Matthew 4:3 with the lust of the flesh, by appealing to his hunger for physical food. He said to him:
“If you be the Son of Elohiym, command that these stones be made bread.”
Yahuwshuwa answered by saying:
“It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of Elohiym.”
This not only deals with Yahuwshuwa’s physical hunger, but it deals with us wanting physical manifestations more than the word of YaHuWaH. You see Yahuwshuwa wants us to “hear his voice.” The sheep hear his voice and do not follow a stranger (John10:5).
When sheep stray it is usually because a wolf has lured them away with some physical manifestation or some show of power that counterfeits the real thing.
In Ya’aqob (James) 1:14 this principle is born out:
“But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed.”
Satan uses the “lust of the flesh” to tempt and entice us away from YaHuWaH with a fleshy counterfeit. Satan wants us to believe that we can have the Holy Spirit without giving up false gods and idols.
While Yahuwshuwa said that “signs” would follow them that believe, (Mark 16:17) he also said: “a wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign” (Matthew 16:4). You see, signs should follow the believer, but the believer should not follow “signs.” We should only follow the shepherd and his voice. So what does adultery have to do with seeking after a sign?
The word adulterate in the dictionary means “to make impure by admixture.”
This means that adultery is a mixture of the pure worship of the one true Elohiym with paganism.
In Greek the word here in Matthew 16:4 adulterous is moichalis which comes from the root moichos meaning “apostate.”
The word “apostasia” in Greek means “defection from the truth.” Here YaHuW’shuwa is equating falling away from the truth with adultery.
Satan was trying to appeal to Yahuwshuwa with the “lust of the flesh” in wanting YaHuW’shuwa to use his power to “feed himself” but YaHuW’shuwa never used his power for himself. Whenever he demonstrated the power of YaHuWaH it was to minister to others and to bring glory to his Father. Yahuwshuwa never glorified himself.
In Matthew 4:5, Satan also tried to appeal to Yahuwshuwa with the “pride of life,” by tempting him to take his life into his own hands instead of entrusting his life into his Father’s hands. Yahuwshuwa could have jumped off that pinnacle and had angels who would have indeed saved him, but this would have been a wrong motive. Satan wanted Yahuwshuwa to use his power to “show off.”
Finally in Matthew 4:8, Satan tried to appeal to Yahuwshuwa with the “lust of the eyes” by “showing him” all the kingdoms of this world.
With the “lust of the eyes” he tried to seduce Yahuwshuwa into falling down and worshipping him. Yahuwshuwa said to him: “it is written you shall worship YHWH your Elohiym, and him only shall you serve.”
Today many in Christianity are seeking after signs and manifestations more than pure doctrine and the prophetic word of YaHuWaH for this hour. Within the Messianic & Hebraic Root’s Community, I see the opposite problem where the focus seems to be more on the “letter” of the Torah, but they tend to cast aside prophetic revelation, signs, wonders, and miracles etc. But these two extreme views are wrong and they keep the two houses of Yisra’el divided. The “pride of life” is an attitude that wants to use a show of Yah’s power for self-aggrandizement. The “lust of the flesh” is an attitude that wants to get our own needs met without paying the price by laying down our lives for YaHuW’shuwa. The “lust of the eyes” is being influenced by the splendor of the world and even “physical manifestations” causing people to worship Satan as an imposter of Yahuwshuwa Messiah. Satan will use all three of these things to tempt us in these last days, but we must not be moved by what we see with our eyes.
We as a body of believers in Messiah must advance to the “meat” of the word and stop feeding on “milk.” We must not look to “signs and wonders” ONLY as evidence of the presence of the Holy Spirit. We must feed on the pure, unadulterated word of Elohiym so that we can bear fruit worthy of repentance. Only then will we as a body of believers be able discern the true YaHuW’shuwa Messiah from the imposter.
Yom Kippur Explained
Leviticus 16 gives us the instructions through Moses for all for Yisra’el on how to keep Yom Kippur.
The High Priest (Kohan Gadol) was to take two goats and present them before YaHuWaH at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. He was to cast lots for the goats----one for YaHuWaH and the other for “Azazel” which literally means: “the goat of removal” or “the scapegoat.” Two goats were to be brought before him. He would place his hands on their heads and confess the sins of the people. One would be slaughtered as a sacrifice to YaHuWaH.
When YaHuW’shuwa came to Yahuwchanon (John) to be baptized, John was the true High Priest that was to offer the “sacrificial goat” that year while Caiaphas the High Priest was an imposter who was an Edomite appointed by Rome. Caiaphas was not a Levite appointed by YaHuWaH, but John was a Levite and a legitimate priest.
John immediately recognized that Yah had selected the sacrificial goat for that year for Yom Kippur:
Yahuwchanon (John 1:29) The next day John saw Yahuwshuwa coming unto him, and said, Behold the Lamb of Elohiym, which takes away the sin of the world.
Yahuwchanon (John) knew that Yahuwshuwa was about to become the “sacrificial goat” and that he would be “sent” into the wilderness also as the “scapegoat” to “take away” the sins of the world into the wilderness!
The Scriptures tell us that the second goat is to be offered to “Azazel,” which is a Hebrew word that literally means the following in the Hebrew Strong’s Concordance:
#5799 ‘aza’zel az-aw-zale from 5795 and 235; goat of departure; the scapegoat:--scapegoat.
The idea behind the scapegoat is that he is to be sent out into the desert, separated from the people “as far as the east is from the west” (Psalms 103:12). He escapes death, but he carries the sins of the people with him to his dying day. They sinned, he suffers. They were guilty, he pays the price. That’s what the word “scapegoat” has come to mean: an innocent person who is forced to take the blame.
Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement literally means “covering”, and it is the sixth of the seven Biblical feasts given by Yah to the nation Yisra’el (Leviticus 23:26-32). Observed on the tenth day of the seventh month (Tishri), it is the highest Holy Day of the Feasts appointed by YaHuWaH. Yah commanded Yisra’el to observe the Day of Atonement because they were a sinful people in need of cleansing so that they might have continued fellowship with Him. Yom Kippur is also the culmination of the “Days of Awe,” the ten-day period of self-examination and repentance that begins on Yom Teruah (Day of Blowing) on the first day of the 7th month of Tishri.
In Judaism Yom Teruah is called Rosh Ha’Shanah in because originally, when YaHuWaH created man (Adam) it was on the 1st day of the 7th month of Tishri. Man was created on the 6th day, and on the 7th day, YaHuWaH rested. And so each month, represented a day in which Yah spoke his creation into being. But the seventh month represented the 7th day and so Adam was created just before the 1st day of the 7th month at the close of the 6th month (representing the 6th day). This is when Adam was created.
From Genesis 1 through Exodus 12, the New Year began on the first day of the 7th month. This is called the “Civil New Year” in Judaism.
But when Yah took Yisra’el out of Egypt, he declared that he was instituting the New Year for them as he wanted them to remember forever, when he took them out of Egypt and delivered them out of bondage. From Exodus 12 all the way up to the book of Revelation, the New Year from that point on was in the month called “Abib” (Nisan) on the Hebrew Agricultural Calendar.
The word “Abib” (Aviv in Modern Hebrew) in Hebrew Concordance is:
#24 ‘abiyb aw-beeb’ from an unused root (meaning to be tender); green, i.e. a young ear of grain; hence, the name of the month Abib or Nisan:--Abib, ear, green ears of corn (not maize).
And so the New Year according to Yah changed to the month called Abib or Nisan. The month Abib was determined by the first young ear of barley grain in Yisra’el. This is how they were to know when the New Year was to begin. It was not based on man’s calculations but when YaHuWaH said so. When he allowed the barley to be ripe and the sliver of the new moon to appear in the sky, both of these events determined that it was the true biblical New Year or Rosh (head) Ha’Shanah (the year) see Exodus 12 & 13.
On Yom Kippur, it is believed that the books are opened in heaven during this time (Daniel 7:10, Revelation 20:12). The object of this Feast is to be properly inscribed, for on Yom Kippur it is believed that the books are closed, and thus the person is sealed for the next year.
The scriptures command Yisra’el not to perform work on the Day of Atonement and to afflict their souls (this is interpreted to mean fasting). The central figure in the Biblical observance was the High Priest (Levitcus 16). It was the High Priest who alone had to make atonement for himself, for his household, and for the people of Yisra’el. He would prepare for these most important duties, beginning seven days before Yom Kippur. The High Priest would be separated from his own household and take up residence inside the Temple.
On the morning of Yom Kippur, as the people crowded outside the sanctuary, the High Priest would emerge to begin the series of rituals and offerings.
Unlike the other days of the year, the High Priest alone had to perform the daily offerings and sacrifices, in addition to the special sacrifices for the Day of Atonement. He began by removing his clothing and ceremonially cleansing himself in a special place used only on Yom Kippur. He then donned his golden vestments and completed the morning service. He put off his golden apparel and, after washing yet again, put on the white linen garments that YaHuWaH commanded him to wear when performing the atoning sacrifices (Leviticus 16:4). The High Priest then took a bullock that was to be offered for himself. Laying his hands on the head of the bullock, he would confess his sins and the sins of his household. Putting this bullock aside, he would take two identical goats (Leviticus 16:5) and draw lots. These special lots were made of gold and had the inscriptions “for YaHuWaH” and “for Azazel” rendered “scapegoat” in English. The goat, for which the lot “for YaHuWaH” fell, would be killed while the goat for which the lot “for Azazel” fell would be left alive to bear the sins of the nation. To distinguish between these two goats, a red-woolen thread would be tied to the head of the scapegoat.
The High Priest then took the bull set aside for a sin offering and again confessed his sins and the sins of his household with his hands laid upon the bull’s head. The bull was then slaughtered and its blood captured in a basin. The High Priest then took up a fire pan with coal in one hand and incense in his other hand and entered into the Holy of Holies. Upon placing the fire pan down between the two poles of the Ark of the Covenant, he placed the incense on the coals. The smoke that resulted filled the entire room. He then returned for the blood of the bull. Entering again into the Holy of Holies, the High Priest sprinkled the mercy seat with the blood by motioning once upward and seven times downward. The basin with the remaining blood was deposited in the Holy Place.
The High Priest, atoning for the Holy of Holies, the tabernacle, and the altar, took the goat that was designated “for YaHuWaH.” The goat was slain and the blood caught in another basin. He then entered again into the Holy of Holies and sprinkled the blood as before.
The High Priest then came back into the Holy Place and took the blood of the bull and sprinkled the veil that separated the Holy of Holies from the Holy Place. He did the same with the blood of the goat. The blood was mixed together, and the High Priest sprinkled the mixed blood on the horns of the altar of incense. The blood was also sprinkled on the altar of sacrifice to cleanse it. The remaining blood was poured at the base of that altar.
*Note: What is being done here? The Bull represents the House of Ephraim (Gentiles) typified in Leah or the 10 Northern Tribes of Yisra’el. Yahuwshuwa performed the sacrifice of the Red Heifer (Numbers 19), as well as the Passover Lamb at his crucifixion. The Lamb represents the House of Yahuwdah (Judah) typified in Rachel as her name means “Lamb.” The blood of the lamb is for the House of Judah (Jews) and the blood of the bull is for Ephraim (Gentiles). The blood of these two animals is mixed together on Yom Kippur! What this means is that the blood of Ephraim (the bull) and the blood of Judah (the goat) become one family, one blood, one bride, one stick in the hand of YaHuWaH on Yom Kippur at the marriage supper of the Lamb!
The people who were gathered to observe the sacrifice knew well that if Yah did not accept the sacrifices, He would strike the High Priest dead in the Holy of Holies, and the nation’s sins would not be covered. Interestingly, a rope was tied to the High Priest in case he died in the most Holy Place. This way, his body could be pulled out without someone having to go in to get him, which would result in that person’s death. In other words, the people completely relied on the work of the High Priest. Thus, when the High Priest emerged from the tabernacle, his appearance was a cause of much celebration and joy among the people.
The final act in the atoning work of the High Priest involved dispensing of the nation’s sins. The High Priest laid his hands upon the head of the scapegoat and confessed the sins of the nation. An appointed man (who became temporarily ceremonially unclean) then led the goat away. According to Torah (Leviticus 16:21-22), the goat was to be led into the wilderness and left there.
In Luke 4:19, when Yahuwshuwa emerged out of the wilderness after 40 days and 40 nights fulfilling the pattern of the scapegoat, he then read the Isaiah 61 scroll declaring the “acceptable year of YaHuWaH” that year for Yom Kippur! He had born the iniquity for the sins of Judah that year just like Ezekiel did when he laid on his right side (Ezekiel 4:6-7).
In time, the Jewish people, however, were concerned that the goat would find its way back into the camp and thus bring back the sins of the nation. To ensure that the sins of the nation carried away by the scapegoat could never return to them, the scapegoat was led up to a steep cliff and thrown down. We can see why YaHuWaH did not approve this man-made tradition, because it distorted the prophetic shadow picture seen in Leviticus 16 for the proper instructions on killing the sacrificial goat, and the release of the scape goat into the wilderness. The reason why Satan wanted our Messiah to jump off the cliff is because he knew that he was fulfilling the pattern of the twin goats, and he did not want him to fulfill the roles of both of these goats according to the Torah instructions. He hoped that he could convince Messiah to follow this rabbinic tradition instead of shedding his blood on the cross.
Satan tried to tempt Yahuwshuwa to throw himself down from that pinnacle because he knew that Yahuwshuwa was carrying out the pattern of the scapegoat and he wanted him to obey man-made rabbinic traditions instead of trusting in Yah. This tradition is against the Torah because it shows an attitude of trusting in human efforts versus trusting in Yah to keep the scapegoat away.
According to tradition, the red thread, which was attached to the scapegoat’s head, would turn white, thus signifying that Yah had accepted the sacrifices and that the nation’s sins were covered for another year. With his atoning work completed, the High Priest would take off his linen garments, wash, and put on his golden vestments again. He would then offer two rams for a burnt offering and several other offerings prescribed for that day. His work was thus complete.
It can be clearly seen that the biblical observance of Yom Kippur was entirely centered upon the work of the High Priest. The only responsibility of the people was to abstain from work and to afflict their souls.
The entire Yom Kippur observance changed drastically after 70 A.D. With no Temple, no priesthood, and no sacrifices, the Jewish people had to develop ways of complying with the biblical prescription to atone for their sins every year. The rabbis thus developed a tradition that prayer, repentance, and charity (good works) would atone for the sins of the nation. While it is understandable that they would seek a new course without the Temple, such a course is unfortunately not Biblical. Yah never changed His requirement is for blood atonement, and though they have developed interesting arguments to support their claims, careful scrutiny reveals that they are wrong. The evening services of Yom Kippur commence with the recitation of the Kol Nidre (All Vows) in which they renounce unfulfilled personal vows and oaths. Synagogue services are accompanied by a day of fasting in order to “afflict one’s soul.”
The atoning sacrifice is missing. It is interesting to note, however, that there is still a small segment in the Orthodox community who believe that a substitutionary death is needed through the practice of kapparot. The day before Yom Kippur, someone obtains a live chicken. The person confesses his sins over the chicken while swinging it over his head. The chickens are eventually killed and thus provide blood atonement for sins.
*Note: This is an abomination as there cannot be animal sacrifices done outside of the temple in Jerusalem according to Torah (Deuteronomy 16:2-6). The prophetic fulfillment of the Day of Atonement will be that of the final cleansing of the nation of Yisra’el prior to the Millennial Kingdom when it experiences national atonement (Revelation 19, Zechariah 12:10). The High Priest, instrumental in the Biblical observance of the Day of Atonement, foreshadowed the Great High Priest who was to come! The Book of Hebrews details how Yahuwshuwa the Messiah is better than the Levitical High Priest and how Yahuwshuwa’s sacrifice of Himself was better than all the offerings of the Levitical Priesthood.
Just as the High Priest temporarily removed his golden vestments and donned his plain linen garments before performing his atoning work, Yahuwshuwa Messiah temporarily left His glory and came to earth as the Son of Man and the Son of Elohiym. He then performed His atoning work on the tree, sprinkling His blood for the sins of all men in the true Holy of Holies in heaven (Hebrews 9:12). When Yahuwshuwa finished His work, He took on His glory once again, as the High Priest did in putting back on His priestly garments, and went to His Father’s house.
However, unlike the Levitical High Priest who had to repeat these sacrifices year after year, Yahuwshuwa Messiah provided atonement only once, perfecting salvation to all who believe (Hebrew 9:26). Just as with the High Priest, no one can save himself but must rely completely on Him. Finally, when the High Priest performed his work of atonement for himself and for the nation, he did so standing up. In fact, a chair was never part of the furniture of the Tabernacle or the Temple. When He finished His work, Yahuwshuwa sat on the right hand of Elohiym (Hebrew 1:3), signifying that His work was forever accomplished. The Talmud records that for a full forty years prior to the destruction of the Temple, the red thread on the scapegoat’s head did not turn white. Thus from the time of Yahuwshuwa’s work on the tree until the sacrifices ended when the Romans destroyed the Temple, YaHuWaH, did not accept the sacrifices of bulls and goats!
The ultimate Yom Kippur for the nation will come at a heavy price because two-thirds of the Jewish people in the land will be destroyed (Zechariah 13:8). The remaining one-third will come out of the fire of cleansing and be saved. YaHuWaH will give to the remaining Jewish souls a new heart and a new spirit (Ezekiel 36:26), forgiving their sins forever (Jeremiah 31:34). The Apostle Sha’ul (Paul) spoke of this time of the outpouring of Yah’s spirit upon the nation of Yisra’el when he wrote, “all Yisra’el shall be saved” (Romans 11:26). This future time of national cleansing and restoration will culminate with the Yahuwdiy (Jewish) people accepting Yahuwshuwa their Messiah and finally saying: YaHuWaH is my Elohiym (Zechariah 13:9).
The Office of the High Priest Forever Changed
The sinful nature was embodied in Yahuwshuwa who “came in the likeness of sinful flesh” (Romans 8:3). Therefore, he “put off the body of sins in the flesh” (the scapegoat, the old man Colossians 2:11), and he “put on the new man” (Colossians 3:10, Ephesians 4:24)----the incorruptible body when he resurrected. So you see, his spirit was incorruptible (sinless), but his body was mortal or corruptible (a representation of sinful man). The scapegoat is a representation of the sinful nature. The scapegoat is the sinful man that is “put away” and removed far from us---never to return! When Messiah returned from the wilderness, he was returning symbolically as “the new man” who left his old selfish nature out in the wilderness with Satan. Even though Messiah was not a sinner, he was illustrating this principle to us in this metaphor.
Even though Messiah never sinned, his human body was a representation of the sinful human nature, and that was removed and never returned because he “mortified the deeds of the body” (Romans 8:13).
Yahuwshuwa Messiah emerged from the wilderness as a symbol of the “new man” having conquered the sin nature (like Jacob when he wrestled with YaHuWaH). So you see the scapegoat is a picture of the sinful fallen nature of man, whereas the sacrificial goat is a picture of Messiah who is humble and meek as he lays down his life for the sheep (John 10:12).
When John the Baptist baptized our Messiah in the Jordan River, prior to his going into the wilderness (John 1), the role of the High Priest was about to be changed from the sons of Aaron that year to the Melchizedek Priesthood as John was transferring his role as the High Priest to Yahuwshuwa.
Ibriym (Hebrews) 7:
11 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchizedek, and not be called after the order of Aharown (Aaron)?
12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the Torah (law).
13 For he of whom these things are spoken pertains to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar.
*Note: What part of the Torah (Law) changed? Was it the entire Law? Or was it only the part of the Torah that pertains to the role of the High Priest? What was about to change was the High Priest only. Not the entire priesthood, but only the one who was to go into the Holy of Holies once per year to offer a sacrifice for sins!
Ibriym (Hebrews) 7:
14 For it is evident that our YHWH sprang out of Yahuwdah (Judah); of which tribe Mosheh (Moses) spoke nothing concerning priesthood.
15And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchizedek there arises another priest,
16 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life.
*Note: The “carnal commandment” here means a commandment for a mortal (carnal) human being to be the High Priest each year for Yom Kippur. This does not mean that the Torah (law) itself is carnal for the Apostle Sha’ul (Paul) already stated in Romans 7:14 that the Torah (law) is “spiritual” but it is the nature of a human being that is carnal (not the law). This scripture is telling us that the Torah (law) requires a Levite to offer sacrifices for Yom Kippur, but since a Levite is a mere mortal human being who dies (in other words a carnal man), the commandment for a carnal human being to be the High Priest was now being changed to another priest who had an “endless” (eternal life) which is Yahuwshuwa as Melchizedek!
Ibriym (Hebrews) 7:
17 For he testifies, you are a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.
18 For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof.
19 For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw near unto Elohiym.
*Note: What was being annulled? It was the commandment for the High Priest each year to perform the duties of an intercessor as a mere mortal human being. This is not telling us that the entire Torah (law) was being annulled. Only the part of the Torah (law) that made mortal humans into High Priests! Now the commandment for Levites to be High Priests was being annulled and the weakness of these mortal men made the sacrifice itself unprofitable on a permanent eternal level. The sacrifices had to be offered “year by year” on Yom Kippur because the priesthood was imperfect and mortal!
Ibriym (Hebrews) 7:
20 And inasmuch as not without an oath he was made priest:
21 (For those priests were made without an oath; but this with an oath by him that said unto him, YHWH swore and will not repent, you are a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek:)
22 By so much was Yahuwshuwa made a surety of a better testament.
23 And they truly were many priests, because they were not suffered to continue by reason of death:
24 But this man, because he continues forever, has an unchangeable priesthood.
Yahuwshuwa was now making an oath between himself and Yahuwchanon (John) his cousin (a close relative). Also, Yahuwshuwa was about to fulfill the oath that YaHuWaH made to redeem Yisra’el in Isaiah 54:8-9. What was this oath between Yahuwshuwa and his cousin John who was a Levite?
In the Torah, if a woman becomes a widow, without bearing a son to carry on the name of her dead husband, then a close relative could perform the duty of a “Kinsmen Redeemer” by marrying the woman. The kinsmen redeemer would then impregnate her with a son thereby redeeming her inheritance and their son would carry on the name of the widow’s husband. Well guess what? Yisra’el became a widow because her earthly High Priest, John the Baptist was killed by Herod. You see the role of the High Priest (Kohen Gadol) was supposed to be as the role of a “husband, redeemer” for the nation of Yisra’el. But now she was about to crucify her own Messiah (Isaiah 54:4) making him the dead husband (dead High Priest). John the Baptist had to die in order to show that the High Priest after the order of the sons of Aaron was now being forever changed to the Melchizedek Priesthood every year for Yom Kippur! In this case, Yahuwshuwa was the cousin (close relative) of John the Baptist who was fulfilling the role of the “husband” when he began his ministry as High Priest right after John died. And then Messiah became the “Kinsmen Redeemer” the close relative of the dead husband for the widowed wife!
The Torah says that if the woman’s husband’s relative refuses to do the duty of a kinsmen redeemer for her, then she must “loose his shoe from off of his foot and the elders must spit in his face.” (Deuteronomy 25:9-10).
If the woman’s dead husband’s relative agrees to marry her and she has a son, then the Torah states the following:
Debariym (Deuteronomy) 25:6 And it shall be, that the firstborn which she bears shall succeed in the name of his brother which is dead, that his name be not put out of Yisra’el.
Yahuwshuwa was about to do what Boaz did by becoming the kinsmen redeemer for Ruth & Naomi (a type of Yisra’el in Ruth 4:7-8). John recognized that he was not worthy to be the kinsmen redeemer for Yisra’el because he was a mere human being born with a sinful nature. He was a Levitical High Priest but not an eternal High Priest after the order of Melchizedek. But Yahuwshuwa was the only one found worthy to become her kinsmen redeemer. John also knew that Yahuwshuwa was about to bear the shame and guilt for Judah and their refusal to be the kinsmen redeemer. The Levitical Priests were supposed to also represent the bride of YaHuWaH. They wore white and they were adorned with jewels in their breastplate (choshen) for the 12 Tribes of Yisra’el just like the New Yerushalayim (Revelation 21:19-20). The Levites even had to examine themselves and wash themselves in the bronze laver which was made from the mirrors of the women (Exodus 38:8). They represent the bride who prepares herself and washes herself by the washing of water by the word (Ephesians 5:26). In this case, Yahuwchanon (John) was about to perform the role of the widowed wife Yisra’el who was supposed to remove the shoe off of brother Yahuwdah (Judah) but he knew he was not worthy because he was born with a sinful nature but Messiah Yahuwshuwa was not. Yahuwshuwa was about to be killed and become the dead brother of Yahuwdah (Judah). But when he resurrected, he would become the living brother who would then be able to perform the duty of a Kinsmen for Yisra’el! That is why John said this:
Yahuwchanon (John) 1:27 He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe’s latchet I am not worthy to unloose.
And when our Messiah was about to be crucified, the High Priest and the elders of the Sanhedrin spit in his face:
Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands,
What was happening here? In the story of the prodigal son there are two brothers being represented (Ephraim & Judah). Ephraim is younger and Judah is the older son. Ephraim seen in the prodigal son was thought to be dead (Luke 15:24). But since the older brother Yahuwdah (Judah) refused to be a kinsmen redeemer to the widowed wife of his brother (the lost tribes of Yisra’el), our Messiah was taking even the sins of the older brother Yahuwdah (Judah) by bearing the shame of the brother who refused to raise up a name for his brother’s wife (Yisra’el). There was “enmity” between Jew & Gentile (Ephesians 2:15) and so the House of Yahuwdah refused to allow the lost tribes of Yisra’el to “come near” to the temple so that they could hear the Torah, repent and be saved. The Apostle Sha’ul speaks about this in Ephesians 2:14 about how there was a “middle wall of partition” built up around the Temple in order to keep the Gentiles out. This was the result of the “enmity” that existed between the House of Judah & the House of Ephraim. Messiah abolished in his flesh this “enmity” (hatred) between these two houses in order to make the Two Houses of Yisra’el “one new man” (Ephesians 2:15-16). Judah’s refusal to be the kinsmen redeemer for the other lost tribes is what caused the “ordinances” (man-made laws of Pharisaism) to exist! Yahuwshuwa did not abolish the Mosaic Law! He abolished this Pharisaic Law that kept the Lost Sheep of the House of Yisra’el separated from Judah!
Yahuwdah (Judah) Becomes the Kinsmen Redeemer for Yisra’el (Ephraim)
In this account, we see that Judah’s son Onan refused to perform the duty of a Kinsmen Redeemer for the widowed wife of his brother. Because of Onan’s refusal to be the kinsmen for Yisra’el, he was slain by YaHuWaH. Onan is the son (a type of Messiah as the sacrificial goat) being slain for the sins of Judah and their refusal to be the Kinsmen Redeemer! But then Judah (his father) represents the Heavenly Father who made a vow to Tamar (Yisra’el in Isaiah 54:9) and he vows to give her his youngest son “Shelah” as a husband and his name means “petition.” This is a picture of the Heavenly Father himself putting on human flesh to become “the son,” and thereby becoming the kinsmen redeemer himself! Tamar’s husband’s brother was supposed to be the kinsmen, but instead the Father does it himself! In Zechariah 12:10 we see that the Father himself YaHuWaH is pierced when he becomes the son!
Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:
8 And Yahuwdah (Judah) said unto Onan, Go in unto your brother’s wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to your brother.
9 And Onan knew that the seed should not be his; and it came to pass, when he went in unto his brother's wife, that he spilled it on the ground, lest that he should give seed to his brother.
*Note: Onan refused to perform the duty of kinsmen for his brother’s widow Tamar according to Deuteronomy 25. This is a picture of the House of Judah refusing to redeem the widow (the other lost sheep of Yisra’el)
Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:
10 And the thing which he did displeased YHWH: wherefore he slew him also.
11 Then said Yahuwdah (Judah) to Tamar his daughter in law, Remain a widow at your father’s house, till Shelah my son be grown: for he said, Lest peradventure he die also, as his brethren did. And Tamar went and dwelt in her father's house.
12 And in process of time the daughter of Shuah Yahuwdah’s wife died; and Yahuwdah (Judah) was comforted, and went up unto his sheepshearers to Timnath, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.
13 And it was told Tamar, saying, Behold your father in law goes up to Timnath to shear his sheep.
14 And she put her widow’s garments off from her, and covered her with a vail, and wrapped herself, and sat in an open place, which is by the way to Timnath; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife.
*Note: What we are seeing here is a picture of the 10 Lost Tribes of Yisra’el (typified here in Tamar) as she is putting off her widow’s garments (as seen in Isaiah 54:4) for she is about to give birth and no longer be barren. When she covered her face with a veil, this is “Yom Kipper” language as the priest had to go “behind the veil” and he “covered” the sins of the people with the blood of a goat. In the same way that Rebekah “covered” herself with a veil just before going to meet Isaac her bridegroom, Tamar is veiling herself to her kinsmen redeemer Judah. In the last days the House of Judah will be “hidden” and veiled (covered) and sheltered during the ten days between Trumpets & Atonement (Ten Days of Awe) until the day of their redemption on Yom Kippur (Zechariah 12:10, Revelation 2:10). The House of Judah to this day will not recognize the other 10 Tribes and they insist on calling them Gentiles. But on Yom Kippur, in Zechariah 12:10, Judah will not only recognize their Messiah, but they will also recognize the other 10 Tribes whom they refused to acknowledge before! The other 10 Tribes are “veiled” to Judah because the Yahuwdiy (Jews) do not want to recognize the other lost tribes as being part of the inheritance. Judah was about to become “one flesh” now with the House of Ephraim (Yisra’el) typified in Tamar.
Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:15 When Yahuwdah (Judah) saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; because she had covered her face.
*Note: Tamar is seen here as a “type” of the 10 Lost Tribes of Yisra’el who did indeed become like a harlot with pagan holidays and idolatry with other false deities. The attitude of the Jews towards Gentiles has always been one of reproach. The House of Judah was supposed to be the keepers of the “Oracles of Elohiym” and the “lawgivers” (Genesis 49:10, Romans 3:2). But instead of bringing the lost sheep home to the Torah and out of their captivity, they made it difficult for them by heaping added laws and traditions. Judah here is making it difficult for Tamar to be redeemed and he is dodging her. He was not planning to live up to his agreement, but then we see that he ends up becoming the kinsmen redeemer any way when he is tricked by Tamar.
Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:
16 And he turned unto her by the way, and said, Go to, I pray you, let me come in unto you; (for he knew not that she was his daughter in law.) And she said, What will you give me, that you may come in unto me?
17 And he said, I will send you a kid from the flock. And she said, Will you give me a pledge, till you send it?
*Note: We are once again seeing “Yom Kippur” typology here as Tamar asks for a pledge (oath) and Judah offers to her the kid of a goat to be “sent” just as our Messiah who is from the House of Judah was to be the “goat sent” to redeem Yisra’el on Yom Kippur!
Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:
18 And he said, What pledge shall I give you? And she said, Your signet, and your bracelets, and your staff that is in your hand. And he gave it her, and came in unto her, and she conceived by him.
*Note: In Hebrew, the word signet is the word “chowtham” and it means “the name,” (the seal). The Hebrew word for bracelet is pathiyl and it means means “cord, thread, ribbon.” And the word for staff is matteh and it means “branch or tribe.” Hence, Tamar is asking to be given his name or to be named after his tribe which is Yahuwdah (Judah) symbolized by the signet (signature). And she is asking for a covering (atonement) which is symbolized by the red ribbon (bracelet or cord) that is placed around the horns of the scapegoat. Later on when Tamar bore twins, a red cord or bracelet was also placed on the arm of Zarah whose name comes from a root word that means “seed” (zera) and he symbolizes the Messiah who would later on bear the red cord as the scapegoat. Tamar was also asking for Judah’s staff (to be a grafted-in branch or part of his tribe).
Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:
19 And she arose, and went away, and laid by her vail from her, and put on the garments of her widowhood.
20 And Yahuwdah (Judah) sent the kid by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive his pledge from the woman’s hand: but he found her not.
*Note: Here Yisra’el (typified in Tamar) is taking off her veil and putting on her widow garments again. She is waiting for the day when she will give birth (Isaiah 54), and she will raise up seed for her dead husband (her Messiah). Yahuwshuwa (typified in Judah) was sent as the kid of a goat by the “hand of a fit man” (according to Leviticus 16:21) and Judah’s friend’s name Adullamite means “justice for the people.” This is once again Yom Kippur language. For on this day the people are avenged of the injustices that were done to them and Yisra’el is avenged of her enemies as seen in Revelation 19 at the second coming of Yahuwshuwa Messiah (Jeremiah 23:5).
Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:
21 Then he asked the men of that place, saying, Where is the harlot, that was openly by the way side? And they said, There was no harlot in this place.
22 And he returned to Yahuwdah (Judah), and said, I cannot find her; and also the men of the place said, that there was no harlot in this place.
23 And Yahuwdah (Judah) said, Let her take it to her, lest we be shamed: behold, I sent this kid, and you have not found her.
24 And it came to pass about three months after, that it was told Yahuwdah (Judah), saying, Tamar your daughter in law has played the harlot; and also, behold, she is with child by whoredom. And Yahuwdah (Judah) said, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt.
25 When she was brought forth, she sent to her father in law, saying, By the man, whose these are, am I with child: and she said, Discern, I pray you, whose are these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff.
*Note: The House of Judah is now about to recognize the other Lost Tribes of Yisra’el on Yom Kippur, just as Judah was about to recognize Tamar. Up until now, the Jews have not recognized the other “Ten Lost Tribes” that are called “Gentiles” and they are treating them as harlots even after they have been redeemed by the blood of the Yom Kippur goat. The House of Judah is not willing to share their inheritance with the other tribes and there is an attitude of exclusivity that says “the Jews are the chosen people” but they have forgotten that there are ten other tribes in the nations who are also chosen as well. In these last days, we are seeing the other tribes (the Gentiles) beginning to take on the sacred name of the Heavenly Father YaHuWaH (the seal or the signet), and they are beginning to identify themselves with the House of Yahuwdah (Judah) through the Lion of Yahuwdah and they are accepting the blood atonement for their harlotry (the bracelets, the covering) and they are being grafted in as a wild branch (staff) into the House of Yahuwdah (Judah).
Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:
26 And Yahuwdah (Judah) acknowledged them, and said, She has been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son. And he knew her again no more.
27 And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that behold, twins were in her womb.
*Note: Here is a picture of the Ten Tribes of the Lost Sheep of Yisra’el (Gentiles) becoming grafted into the House of Yahuwdah and through this union, they give birth to “one new man” (Jew & Gentile) believers as the “Double Portion Inheritance” of Yahuwceph (Joseph) through Ephraim whose name means “double fruit.” The woman Yisra’el who was “barren” in Isaiah 54:7 is about to become doubly fruitful because of her trouble and she will “forget the shame and reproach of her widowhood.” Judah represents the Messiah who has become her kinsmen redeemer, and Tamar represents the Lost Sheep of Yisra’el and they are giving birth to “one new man” (Ephesians 2:15, Revelation 12:5) in these last days.
Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:28 And it came to pass, when she travailed, that the one put out his hand: and the midwife took and bound upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first.
*Note: Once again, we are seeing Yom Kippur language here as the “firstborn” son here is a picture of Judah who received firstborn status of the sons of Leah in Genesis 49:8, but he drew back his hand, and then his brother Ephraim came out first instead and in the end times, because he accepts the blood atonement for his sins (like the prodigal son who received the fatted calf), Ephraim ends up becoming the first born son even though he was born last (Jeremiah 31:9)--in other words he is born again of incorruptible seed!
Bereshiyth (Genesis) 38:
29 And it came to pass, as he drew back his hand that, behold, his brother came out: and she said, How have you broken forth? this breach be upon you: therefore his name was called Pharez.
30 And afterward came out his brother that had the scarlet thread upon his hand: and his name was called Zarah.
The name Pharez means “breach” and the name Zarah means “rising.” It means that the House of Judah (symbolized by Pharez) caused a breach or a split between the Two Houses of Yisra’el when King Rehoboam (King of Judah) refused to lighten their tax burdens (1st Kings 12). But Zarah represents the Messiah who has “risen” from the dead in order to repair the breach between both Houses. This means that both Houses of Yisra’el are going to be redeemed in the end on Yom Kippur because of the scarlet thread and the pledge made with the goat. In Isaiah 58:12, we read about a breach being repaired. What is this breach? It is a broken wall—a gap in the unity of the family of Yisra’el. That gap is going to be repaired in the end by the one who has the scarlet thread. Pharez represents the House of Judah because the Jews have created a “breach” or a gap that left the other Ten Tribes of Yisra’el out of the Covenant and kept them from “coming near” by building up a wall around the outer court of the Temple. But our Messiah is like Zarah who came as the Yom Kippur goat bearing the scarlet thread upon his head (a crown of thorns) and he came to “repair the breach” (the gap between both houses of Yisra’el). The midwife said about Pharez “let this breach be upon you” because the House of YaHuW’dah (Jews) have been the ones who have kept the other Ten Tribes out of the Covenant by putting a fence around the Torah (extra rules and regulations). But our Messiah came on behalf of the tribe of Yahuwdah (Judah) to be the one to “stand in the gap” for Judah’s sin of not performing the duty of a kinsmen and the sins of Yisra’el’s harlotry.
On that final day of Yom Kippur, on “The Great & Terrible Day of YaHuWaH,” Justice will reign as our Messiah will return as the Lion of the Tribe of Yahuwdah to redeem both brides (Leah & Rachel) and to help bring forth “the first born son” (Ephraim) who is the repairer of the breach between both houses. But this first born son Ephraim will take on the name of Yahuwdah (Judah) after their Messiah. The Kinsmen Redeemer will raise up a name for the widowed wife Yisra’el and that name is the name of her husband Yahuwshuwa from the House of Yahuwdah!
Not only did he become the Kinsman Redeemer for Yisra’el, but he took the shame of the brother who refused to become the Kinsman Redeemer! Now, Yahuwshuwa is about to give birth to a man-child is these last days with his beloved bride Yisra’el (typified in Leah & Rachel) and when she gives birth to the “one new man” (Jew & Gentile, Ephraim & Judah), the woman’s “first born son” (Ephraim) will succeed in the name of her husband who is Yahuwshuwa the Lion of Yahuwdah!
Hence Ephraim will become one with Yahuwdah and there shall no longer be any distinction between Jew & Gentile, Ephraim & Judah, for the blood of both (goat & bull) will be mixed together as one family and one bride on Yom Kippur!
Yahuwshuwa Messiah was not a Human Sacrifice!
Yahuwshuwa Messiah was not a Human Sacrifice!
Many Jews discredit Yahuwshuwa as their Messiah because they say that he was a “human sacrifice,” but a human sacrifice is when someone’s life is taken from them against their will. When someone lays down their life as a ransom for another (becomes the scapegoat), he is not a human sacrifice!
The Babylonian Talmud even explains this:
(Babylonian Talmud, Makkot 23b-24a). Though the number 613 is mentioned in the Talmud, its real significance increased in later medieval rabbinic literature, including many works listing or arranged by the mitzvot. Three types of negative commandments fall under the yehareg ve’al ya’avor, meaning "One should let himself be killed rather than violate it."
These are murder, idolatry, and forbidden sexual relations. Aha! The Talmud even says that one should let himself be killed rather than to violate the Torah! Now we understand why our Messiah YaHuW’shuwa allowed himself to be killed! Had he not laid down his life as a ransom, he could not have been the Kinsmen Redeemer for Yisra’el as well as the Ransom for Judah!
In the Torah, if a man’s Ox (symbolized by the first letter in the Hebrew Alphabet) called א(the alef) kills another human being and the animal’s owner was aware that this ox had the habit of trying to gore people to death in times past, then the ox would be killed and the owner of the ox would be killed also. If there was a sum of money laid upon the owner of the ox, then he would give his life as a ransom as well as the amount of money that was required:
Shemoth (Exodus) 21:
28 If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be quit.
29 But if the ox were known to push with his horn in time past, and it has been testified to his owner, and he has not kept him in, but that he has killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death.
30 If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him.
The א Ox or the Heifer is a picture of the 10 Lost Tribes of Yisra’el (Hosea 4:16, 10:11), and they were known to kill the prophets who came to them. Yahuwshuwa is the owner of the א Heifer (Ox) and he came to give his life as a ransom for the א Heifer (Ox) as well as those whom the א Heifer (Ox) had killed:
Mishle (Proverbs) 13:8 The ransom of a man’s life are his riches: but the poor hears not rebuke.
Mattithyahuw (Matthew) 20:28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
Yahuwchanon (John) 10:18 No man takes it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father (Torah).
Yahuwshuwa gave his life as a ransom as well as the “bride price” that was required to redeem the Lost Sheep of Yisra’el:
Mattithyahuw (Matthew 27:9) Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Yirmeyahuw (Jeremiah) the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Yisra’el did value;
The Prophet Zechariah had already been shown this very same thing about the “bride price” that was required for the Divorced Ten Tribes of Yisra’el (Ephraim):
Zekaryahuw (Zechariah) 11:
10 And I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the people.
11 And it was broken in that day: and so the poor of the flock that waited upon me knew that it was the word of YHWH.
12 And I said unto them, If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver.
13 And YHWH said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prized at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of YHWH.
Yahuwshuwa was not a human sacrifice for he allowed himself to be killed according to the Talmud! He also took the sins of the Ox (Heifer) for the House of Ephraim who killed their prophets. He also had a “bride price” laid upon him to redeem Yisra’el and to make him his bride again!
That bride price was thirty pieces of silver as foretold by the prophet Zechariah. And finally, Yahuwshuwa fulfilled the role of the “Kinsmen Redeemer” for the backsliding wife, Yisra’el who became a harlot (typified in Tamar). He also fulfilled the scapegoat and bore the shame of Judah for his unwillingness to perform the duty of a kinsmen redeemer for the other Ten Lost Tribes of Yisra’el. The Heavenly Father (typified in Judah) put on human flesh and became “the son” who was promised to Yisra’el (typified in Tamar) and he himself performed the duty of a kinsmen redeemer (for Yisra’el) and his life as a ransom for Ephraim א (the ox, heifer), and the scapegoat for Judah!