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Tuesday, April 3, 2012

Messiah Seen in Two Passovers

By Maria Merola אריאל
© Copyright Double Portion Inheritance, March 2012

As children, many of us remember watching Cecil B. Demille’s production entitled “The Ten Commandments,” from 1956 starring Charlton Heston. 

If you are like me, the images from this production have remained etched into our consciousness to such a degree, that we tend to read the scriptural account through the lens of those stored images in our memory. As a result, all of my life I believed that the Exodus out of Egypt took place the following morning after the angel of death took the firstborn of the Egyptians.

Perhaps this is why so many people, including the Jewish people keep Passover & Unleavened Bread on one single night, the night of the 15th of Abib (Nisan), the first month in the Hebrew calendar.

My journey into keeping the Feasts of YaHuWaH began in 2002. Yet, with each passing year, my understanding of the feasts has evolved as I have gained better understanding with each passing year.

Over the years, I became perplexed as I realized that many others were observing Passover & Unleavened Bread as if they are just one feast to be kept on one night. However, as I read the account of the first Passover in Exodus, as well as the Passover fulfilled by our Messiah in all four gospels, I came to the conclusion that there are two separate feasts being represented on two separate nights.

The revelation of there being two separate feasts on two separate nights came into focus when I observed patterns in the first Passover in Egypt with the last Passover of our Messiah when he died on the cross.

The events that occurred on that first night of Passover, and continuing into the following evening (when Yisra’el left Egypt) parallel exactly to our Messiah’s Passover fulfillment.

Patterns of Passover & Unleavened Bread on Two Nights, 14th & 15th of Abib

*Original Passover:

On the evening of the 14th of Abib in Egypt, Yisra’el slaughtered and ate lamb with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. They placed the blood of the lamb on the TWO SIDE-POSTS of their doors, representing “TWO HOUSES OF YISRA’EL” (Exodus 12:24-25; Isaiah 8:14).

*Messiah’s Passover:

On the evening of the 14th of Abib in Jerusalem, Yahuwshuwa and his disciples slaughtered and ate lamb with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. 

Yahuwshuwa offered his blood as the “Lamb of Elohiym who takes away the sins of the world” for TWO HOUSES OF YISRA’EL as he said these words:

“For this is my blood of the Renewed Covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.” (Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24; Luke 22:20; 1st Corinthians 11:25; John 1:29 & 36).

Yahuwshuwa and his disciples kept this night of the 14th of Abib according to the commandment in Exodus 12:24-25.

*Original Passover:

On that night of the 14th of Abib, YaHuWaH said that he would “SMITE” the Egyptians (Exodus 12:23).

*Messiah’s Passover:

On that night of the 14th of Abib, Yahuwshuwa repeated the prophecy of Zechariah 13:7 when he said “I will ‘SMITE’ the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered” (Matthew 26:31; Mark 14:27).

*Original Passover:

On that same night of the 14th of Abib, Moses & Aaron were summoned by Pharaoh (Exodus 12:30).

*Messiah’s Passover:

On that same night of the 14th of Abib, Messiah was summoned by Caiaphas the High Priest (Matthew 26:55-68).

*Original Passover:

On the morning of the 14th of Abib, Pharaoh RELEASED Yisra’el when he realized that his FIRST-BORN SON had become the SUBSTITUTE, for Yisrael, whom YaHuWaH named “MY FIRST-BORN SON” (Exodus 4:22; 12:29-32).

*Messiah’s Passover:

On the morning of the 14th of Abib, Pontius Pilate RELEASED Bar Abba (Barabbas, meaning ‘Son of the Father,’ a symbol of Yisra’el) in exchange for Yahuwshuwa, the “FIRST-BORN of many brethren” who became their “SUBSTITUTE” (Mark 15:11-15; Luke 23:18; John 18:40; Romans 8:29).

*Original Passover:

On the morning of the 14th of Abib, Pharaoh finally answered the cry of Moses & Aaron “LET MY PEOPLE GO!” (Exodus 12:31-32).

*Messiah’s Passover:

On the morning of the 14th of Abib, Pontius Pilate finally answered the cry of the people “LET BARABBAS GO!” (Luke 23:18).

*Original Passover:

On the following evening (afternoon) of the 14th of Abib (before the sun went down, and it then became the 15th of Abib), the Egyptians BURIED their dead (Numbers 33:3-4).

*Messiah’s Passover:

On the following evening (afternoon) of the 14th of Abib (before the sun went down, and it then became the 15th of Abib), Yahuwshuwa was BURIED in the grave.

*Original Passover:

After the sun went down, it became the 15th of Abib, (the Feast of Unleavened Bread) and the Egyptians had already “GIVEN GIFTS” to the Yisraelites before they DEPARTED out of Egypt on that NIGHT TO BE MUCH OBSERVED (Exodus 12:35 & 42; Numbers 33:4-5).

*Messiah’s Passover:

After the sun went down, it became the 15th of Abib, (the Feast of Unleavened Bread), and Yahuwshuwa DEPARTED into the lowest parts of the earth and GAVE GIFTS UNTO MEN (Ephesians 4:8-9; John 19:31).

Patterns of Spirit, Water & Blood

There are three elements that complete a covenant, as we will observe from scripture. These elements are spirit, water & blood:

1st Yahuwchanon (John) 5:8 And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one.

Below, I have made a side-by-side chart, detailing the events of both Passovers, so that you can observe the parallels fulfilled by our Messiah. You will notice the three elements are present in these events.

These parallels show us that there was a 24-hour period between the 14th of Abib, the Feast of Passover, and the 15th of Abib, the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

YaHuWaH’s 1st Passover
The 14th of Abib
(Nisan) through the 18th of Abib (Nisan)
Messiah’s Renewed Passover
The 14th of Abib
(Nisan) through the 18th of Abib (Nisan)
1.) Yisra’el ate the Passover Lamb with unleavened bread in Egypt the night before the Exodus. This was the beginning of the 14th of Abib after the sun went down on the 13th of Abib, it then became the 14th of Abib (Exodus 12:3-23).

This supper was to redeem Yisra’el, as the “first-born son” (Exodus 4:22-23, 13:15).

1.) Messiah ate the Passover Lamb with his disciples with unleavened bread. It was the 3rd night of the week (Tuesday) at the beginning of the 14th of Abib after sundown in 30/31 C.E. (Mark 14:12-18, Matthew 26:17-23, Luke 22:9-15).

This supper was to redeem the lost sheep of Yisra’el, and to betroth her as his bride.
2.) YHWH commanded Yisra’el to place shoes on their “feet.” Yisra’el was commanded to have shoes on their “feet” to be ready to leave (Exodus 12:11).

In Joshua 1:3, they were given a promise that wherever their “foot shall tread” they would be given as an inheritance.

2.) Messiah washed the “feet” of his disciples. That night after the Passover Supper, he washed the “feet” of his disciples (John 13:12).

Feet represent those who “bring good news” (Isaiah 52:7, Romans 10:15, Ephesians 6:15).

In Luke 15:22 the prodigal son at his return was given “shoes on his feet” as an inheritance.

3.) The blood of the Lamb was placed on the two side posts of the door symbolic of the Two Houses of Yisra’el (Isaiah 8:14).

They were commanded to strike the blood of the lamb on two side posts & the upper door post (Exodus 12:7). The upper post represents Messiah who is the “head” of the body.  

YHWH established Two Houses of Yisra’el: The first-born sons of Yisra’el (symbolized by Judah).

The Egyptians that “sojourned” among them were grafted into Yisra’el, and they are symbolic of Ephrayim who was born in Egypt. The Passover was a betrothal (engagement) between Yisra’el and YHWH. The blood of the lamb sealed his covenant with them. This was still the 14th of Abib.

3.) The blood of the Lamb was placed on the Two Houses of Yisra’el as Yahuwshuwa Messiah’s blood covenant was symbolized by the wine when he declared “this is the blood of the new testament shed for many for the remission of sins.” (Matthew 26:28).

The night before he was sacrificed on the tree, he prayed in the Garden of Gethsemane and he “sweat drops of blood” (Luke 22:44).

Messiah came to restore the Two Houses of Yisra’el and this Passover was his betrothal (engagement) to his bride. This was still the 14th of Abib. 
4.) YHWH said he would “smite all of the first-born of the Egyptians” (Exodus 12:12).

The first-born sons of the Egyptians (symbolic of sin) would be smitten for the first-born sons of Yisra’el. 

This was still on the 14th of Abib. Mosheh & Aharown (Moses & Aaron) did not go to Pharaoh to negotiate their departure until the following morning as they were commanded in Exodus 12:22: “none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.” 

4.) YHWH said he would “smite” the shepherd. Messiah repeated the prophecy of Zechariah 13:7 “I will smite the shepherd and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad” (Matthew 26:31).

Yahuwshuwa is the shepherd who would be smitten for sinners to redeem the first-born sons of Yisra’el. 

This was still on the 14th of Abib. Messiah and his disciples did not leave the House (Jerusalem) until the next morning when they followed him to the place of execution which was outside of the city.

Exodus 12:22 says: “none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.”

5.) Judgment from YHWH came over Egypt and smote all the “first-born” in the land. This parallels to the night that Yahuwdah (Judas) realized that he had betrayed innocent blood and he hung himself.  

Exodus 12:13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where you are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.  

Exodus 12:29  And it came to pass, that at midnight YHWH smote all the first-born in the land of Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the first-born of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the first-born of cattle. 

The Egyptians also “hung themselves” (metaphorically) when they chased after the Yisra’elites and they were then drowned in the Red Sea.

In the same way that Judas died in the “field of blood,” the Egyptians were buried in the “Red Sea” (symbolic of blood).

5.) Judgment from YHWH came to the House of Judah typified in the disciple who betrayed Messiah   named Yahuwdah (Judas).

He represents the older son (the first-born) in the story of the prodigal.

The first-born of the Two Houses of Yisra’el was being judged that night because as a nation they killed their Messiah and the person named after this tribe (Yahuwdah or Judas) was being used to illustrate this judgment that was going to come to them 40 years later in the Roman Siege. 

However, Messiah also took “the cup of wrath” (the 2nd cup) for them as a nation to those from the House of Judah who would repent and later on accept his sacrifice. On the night after he betrayed Messiah, Judas declared: “I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood” (Matthew 27:4).

Judas hung himself in what is called “the field of blood” (Matthew 27:8).
6.) Pharaoh released on Passover the “first-born sons” of YHWH (Yisra’el) out of Egypt that night because YHWH “smote” Egypt’s first-born in exchange for his first-born son (Yisra’el).   

Exodus 12:30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.  

Exodus 12:31 And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both you and the children of Yisra’el; and go, serve YHWH, as you have said. 

This was still the 14th of Abib, but they did not actually leave Egypt until the 15th of Abib as the Egyptians were busy burying their first-born (Numbers 33:3-4). 
6.) Pontius Pilate released on Passover, Barabbas who represents “the first-born sons” of Yisra’el. Barabbas is Bar Abba” in Aramaic which means “Son of the Father.”

YHWH “smote” the shepherd (Messiah) who became the scapegoat for the “first-born” sons of Yisra’el. Pontius Pilate released Barabbas in the same way that Pharaoh released Yisra’el that same night on the 14th of Abib.   

Matthew 27:17 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will you that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Yahuwshuwa which is called Mashiyach (Messiah)? 

Messiah represented “the first-born” sons of Egypt (the scapegoat) who died in place of the “first-born sons” of Yisra’el. The innocent children of the first-born of Egypt had to die in order to release the first-born of Yisra’el.

Messiah was now taking the place for guilty sinners. The word scapegoat” means “the innocent party who takes the place of the guilty party.” 

Barabbas was being released to symbolize that all of Yisra’el was being released from their debt of sin and Messiah was taking their place! Messiah died on the 14th of Abib and was buried before the sun went down approaching the 15th of Abib. 

7.) Pharaoh finally gave the people of Yisra’el what they wanted when they cried “Let us go!” 

Pharaoh let the people go, as they requested, as he sent for Moses & Aaron to take the people out of Egypt.  

Exodus 12:32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also.  

Pharaoh recognized that the blood of the innocent lambs had protected Yisra’el that night but Yah took the first-born sons of Egypt.  

Pharaoh was about to release the children of Yisra’el from Egypt recognizing that the blood of the innocent Egyptian children as well as the blood of the lambs was shed in order to free the Yisra’elites. This was still the 14th of Abib, but they did not leave until the 15th of Abib. 
7.) Pilate finally gave the people of Yisra’el what they wanted when they cried “Let Barabbas go! 

Pontius Pilate let Barabbas go and sentenced Yahuwshuwa, as the people of Judah cried out “Crucify him! Let his blood be upon us!” 

Pilate washed his hands of “innocent blood” as he recognized that Messiah was the innocent scapegoat for the House of Yahuwdah (Judah) for they were shouting “let his blood be upon us.”   

Matthew 27:24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see you to it.  

Matthew 27: 25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.  

Matthew 27: 26 Then released he Bar Abba (Barabbas) unto them: and when he had scourged Yahuwshuwa he delivered him to be crucified.  

Pilate was about to release the guilty party (Barabbas) who was symbolic of the nation of the House of Yisra’el, and he was about to execute the Messiah in his place. This was still the 14th of Abib.  
8.) YHWH destroyed the Egyptians in the Red Sea (symbolic of sin and bondage). Pharaoh and his Egyptian armies were destroyed in the Red Sea (Exodus 15:4).

This happened on the 18th of Abib (3 days after) Yisra’el ate the Passover Lamb with Unleavened Bread. Yisra’el was led by a pillar of fire by night and a cloud by day, symbolic of the Holy Spirit (Exodus 13:21-22; 14:19 & 24, Numbers 33:3-8).  

When they came to the Red Sea, this represented immersion (water baptism). Yisra’el “crossed over” from death to life, from bondage to freedom. The blood of the Egyptians paid for their freedom when they drowned in the water!  

There were three elements present at this event: Spirit, Water & Blood! (1st John 5:8). 
8.) YHWH destroyed sin through the sacrifice of Messiah on the tree. This was the very next day after Yahuwshuwa ate the Passover Lamb, with Unleavened Bread with his disciples, but it was still the 14th of Abib (Passover).

Messiah purchased for his elect “life instead of death, freedom instead of bondage to sin.” Messiah died, and then he gave up his “spirit.” Then the Roman Solider put a spear into his side and out came blood and water (John 19:34).  

The blood of Messiah paid for our freedom. When we are immersed in water, we are being baptized into his death (Romans 6:4).  

There were three elements present at this event: Spirit, Water, &Blood! (1st John 5:8). 
9.) The Red Sea was parted at the precise moment that Moses lifted up his rod (shepherd’s staff). In Exodus 14:21-22, YHWH parted the Red Sea so that Yisra’el could cross over from death to life, from slavery to freedom.

The Hebrew for “red” is “cuwph” and it literally means to terminate, to consume, to fulfill, to bring to an end!  

YHWH sanctified his bride Yisra’el and put an end to the Egyptians (a symbol of bondage to sin and idolatry). 

This took place on the 18th of Abib which was 3 days after they left Egypt (Numbers 33:3-8). This correlates to Messiah being 3 days & 3 nights in the heart of the earth (Matthew 12:40). 
9.) The Temple Curtain was parted (torn) at the precise moment that YHWH smote the shepherd and Messiah died (Isaiah 26:31). The temple veil that separated mankind from the Holy of Holies in the Temple was torn in half! (Matthew 27:51, Mark 15:35, Luke 23:45).

This granted the royal priesthood after the order of Melchizedek access to the Father in Heaven so that we can come “boldly before the throne of grace” (Hebrews 4:6). Messiah brought an end to sin.   

Yahuwshuwa has immersed his bride and sanctified her by the washing of water by the word” (Ephesians 5:26). This was still on the 14th of Abib. 
10.) Sin was punished in the “Sea of Reeds” (Red Sea), as the Egyptians were symbolic of sin and bondage. This correlates to the way that our Messiah was also beaten with a “reed” (Matthew 27:29-30).    

The Red Sea is symbolic of the sacrifice of Messiah. It contains two of the elements of covenant (blood and water).

The English word for “Red” in Hebrew literally means “reeds” or  “cuwph” and it means: to terminate, to consume, to fulfill, to bring to an end! 

Messiah “brought to an end” to the “law of divorce” which separated Yisra’el from the marriage covenant.

The word “Red Sea” in Hebrew is literally “Sea of Reeds” or Yam Cuwph. 

Jonah was in the belly of a whale for “three days and three nights” in the “sea” before he was taken out of the whale and delivered.

Yisra’el journeyed through the “Sea” after three days, and they were “taken out” of Egypt and delivered.
10.) Sin was punished with “reeds” as our Messiah’s body became “sin” and he was beaten with a “reed” (Matthew 27:29-30).   

The Red Sea is symbolic of the sacrifice of Messiah. It contains two of the elements of covenant (blood and water).

The English word for “Red” in Hebrew is literally “reeds” or “cuwph” and it means: to terminate, to consume, to fulfill, to bring to an end!

Messiah “brought to an end” the “law of divorce” which separated Yisra’el from the marriage covenant.

The word “Red Sea” in Hebrew is literally “Sea of Reeds” or Yam Cuwph. 

The “sign” of Jonah to validate that Yahuwshuwa was the Messiah, is that he would be “three days and three nights in the heart of the earth” (Matthew 12:40).
11.) Yisra’el Departed from Egypt.

Their destination was the Promised Land.

They first descended into the Red Sea, before they ascended to dry land on the other side.

The “Ruwach” (Spirit) led them in the form of a “cloud by day” and a “pillar of fire by night” (Exodus 13:21, Numbers 33:3).

This was the 15th of Abib when Yisra’el finally left Egypt. This is called “a night to be much observed” (Exodus 12:42). 
11.) Messiah Departed from this world, as he gave up his ruwach (spirit) and died.

His destination was the Heavenly Throne where he would wave the souls of the redeemed as his “first-fruits” offering before the Father.

He first descended into the lowest parts of the earth to redeem those in Abraham’s Bosom (Luke 16, Ephesians 4:8-9), before he ascended back to the Father.

Just before he died, he committed his “Ruwach” (Spirit) into the Father’s hands (Luke 23:46).

This was at 3:00 p.m. on the 14th of Abib, just 3 hours before the 15th of Abib when the sun would go down and he would be buried. This is called “a night to be much observed” (Exodus 12:42).

Our Messiah was buried on the same anniversary night of when Yisra’el departed from Egypt and the Egyptians also buried their dead. 
12.) The Egyptians buried in the “Red Sea.” 

The Hebrew word for Red” is cuwph which means “to consume” just like the Red Heifer had to be completely consumed (Numbers 19).

The Egyptians were buried at sea on the 18th of Abib (three days after they left Egypt) according to Numbers 33:3-8. 
12.) Messiah buried as the “Red Heifer.” 

Our Messiah was prophetic type of the Red Heifer sacrifice as seen in Numbers 19.

His body was placed into a brand new tomb that had never been used (John 19:38-41).

The Red Heifer had to be completely consumed.

Numbers 19:9 says that the ashes of the Red Heifer must be placed in a clean place.

His burial took place before the sun went down on the 14th of Abib just before the 15th of Abib.  
13.) The Egyptians buried their dead before sundown the 14th of Abib, just before the 15th of Abib (Numbers 33:4).

Yisra’el traveled a “three day’s journey” to the Red Sea and there Pharaoh & the Egyptian soldiers were also buried at the Red Sea on the 18thof Abib on the Day of First-Fruits. 

This represented resurrection for Yisra’el because they crossed over” from death to life, from bondage to freedom.

YaHuWaH won the “victory” for Yisra’el over the Egyptians as “death was swallowed up in victory.” 

Miriyam and the Yisra’elite women danced as they sang “YHWH has triumphed gloriously...” (Exodus 15:21). 
13.) Messiah was buried before sundown on the 14th of Abib, just before the 15th of Abib.

Yahuwshuwa remained in the heart of the earth “three days and three nights” (Matthew 12:40).

He was buried just before the 15th of Abib and he resurrected on the 18th of Abib which was when the priest in the temple waved the “first-fruits” of the barley sheaf.

In the 2nd Temple period, the priests cut the first sheaf at the end of the weekly Sabbath at sundown (what we call Saturday).

It is called “Havdalah” in Hebrew which means “separation, or exiting the Sabbath.” 

It was the women who first went to the tomb and discovered that the Messiah had resurrected.

They reported to the other disciples that “Death was swallowed up in victory” (1st Corinthians 15:54). 
14.) Mosheh (Moses) communed with YahuWaH in the mountain for “forty days and forty nights.”

During this time, he received the commandments in stone as the written marriage agreement between YaHuWaH & Yisra’el (called a ketubah) Exodus 24:18.
14.) Yahuwshuwa communed with his disciples for “forty days” after his resurrection.

He taught them the Towrah of Mosheh.

He also taught them that the Towrah (Mosaic Law) was now going to be part of the “Renewed” Marriage Covenant written in their hearts on the day of Shavuot (Pentecost) Acts 1:3, Jeremiah 31:33, Hebrews 8:10, 10:16. 

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  1. Thanks so much for sharing. God bless you.

  2. God somehow led me to this page. I have just finished reading the 1st 4 books of the bible and I am fascinated with the way everything fits that you have shown here Maria because it shows a depth and breadth that is stupendous in concept and marvelous in wisdom and beauty and design far beyond any human intricacy or contemplation.

  3. PS: That is the most realistic painting of the Last Supper I've seen btw.

  4. Question, if the lamb was the most important artical of the Passover meal, why did Jesus not mention it at the Passover? Was it not because he was the lamb? Looking for an answer, I love the insight that GOD has given you. May He bless you with all Spiritual blessings.

  5. Does the new testament replace the old testament covenant? The new testament Greek, doesn't call it a covenant, it calls it new testament. Which is a one way agreement, and not a conditional agreement. Thank you.